Brianna Knoll

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The recent discovery of the enhancer regulation in the mammalian brain brought a different perspective to the brain-organized realization of goal-oriented behavior, which is the quintessence of plastic behavioral descriptions such as drive or motivation. According to this new approach, 'drive' means that special endogenous enhancer substances enhance the(More)
1. The brain constituents beta-phenylethylamine (PEA) and tryptamine enhance the impulse propagation mediated transmitter release (exocytosis) from the catecholaminergic and serotoninergic neurons in the brain ('catecholaminergic/serotoninergic activity enhancer, CAE/SAE, effect'). (-)Deprenyl (Selegiline) and (-)1-phenyl-2-propylaminopentane [(-)PPAP] are(More)
The peculiar tyramine uptake inhibitory effect of (-)deprenyl prompted structure-activity relationship studies aiming to develop new spectrum central nervous system stimulants which are devoid of MAO inhibitory potency and operate de facto as indirectly acting, nonreleasing sympathomimetics. Of the derivatives synthesized for this purpose,(More)
The amount of dopamine released from the striatum, substantia nigra and tuberculum olfactorium, noradrenaline from locus coeruleus and serotonin from the raphe, was significantly higher in four and five weeks old rats than in three month old ones, proving that the catecholaminergic/serotoninergic activity enhancer (CAE/SAE) regulation works unrestrained(More)
Effects of deprenyl and amphetamine enantiomers on different behavioural patterns were compared. Whereas (+)-amphetamine in doses of 1-3 mg/kg SC, (-)-amphetamine, and (+)-deprenyl in doses of 5-20 mg/kg SC increased the locomotor activity and the time the animals displayed stereotyped head movement, enhanced the acquisition of conditioned avoidance(More)
Two breeds of rats, Charles River Wistar [Crl(Wi)Br.] and HSD Wistar [Wistar per LATI (Budapest) Br.], with remarkable difference in learning performance were selected. The rats were trained in the shuttle box with 100 trials per day and the number of conditioned avoidance responses (CARs), the escape failures (EFs) to the unconditioned stimulus and the(More)
The activity of the catecholaminergic neurons in the rat brain is enhanced significantly 30 min after the subcutaneous injection of very small doses of (-)deprenyl (threshold doses: 0.01 mg/kg for noradrenergic neurons and 0.025 mg/kg for dopaminergic neurons). As a catecholaminergic activity enhancer (CAE) substance (-)deprenyl is about ten times more(More)
INTRODUCTION Retinal structural changes in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) remain a subject of controversy. METHODS We investigated the correlation between optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the retinal sublayers, including the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and cognitive function in subjects with amnestic MCI and compared the OCT(More)