Brian W. Soper

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Mice with mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII) are devoid of β-glucuronidase and accumulate glycosaminoglycans in lysosomes resulting in bone dysplasia, learning disabilities, and decreased mobility. MPS VII males do not breed and, while MPS VII females occasionally mate with heterozygous males, they do not maintain their young postnatally. Heterozygous(More)
In utero transplantation (IUTx) therapy with allogeneic cells results in negligible peripheral blood (PBL) chimerism in nonablated humans with progressive diseases. IUTx has been successful only in immunocompromised fetuses. Because early treatment has great potential for halting disease progression, mechanisms preventing cell expansion must be identified(More)
The toxicity of preparative regimens render neonatal bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for progressive childhood diseases a controversial treatment. Ablative BMT in neonatal mice with or without the lysosomal storage disease mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII) show high morbidity and developmental disruption of both brain and bone structure. In this(More)
To block development of progressive childhood diseases, in utero transplantation (IUTx) requires immediate and significant donor peripheral blood (PB) cell amplification. To date, negligible and nontherapeutic donor PB cell levels have been observed postnatally, except in patients with immunodeficiency diseases. Donor cell fate in utero still is not clear.(More)
A significant number of nonmalignant, progressive childhood disorders respond to bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Toxic myeloablative pretreatment regimens, graft failure, and graft-vs-host disease complicate the utility of BMT for neonatal treatment. We recently demonstrated high-dose BMT in neonatal animals enables chimeric engraftment without toxic(More)
Continuous wave terahertz imaging has the potential to offer a safe, non-invasive medical imaging modality for detecting different types of human cancers. The aim of this study was to identify intrinsic biomarkers for non-melanoma skin cancer and their absorption frequencies. Knowledge of these frequencies is a prerequisite for the optimal development of a(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to determine if competitive pressure was placed on hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) by a coinjected "carrier" population that maintains short-term survival of the host. Our hypothesis was that delayed introduction of "carrier" cells would increase engraftment of donor HSC. MATERIALS AND METHODS Competitive repopulation(More)
Lysosomal storage diseases (LSD) respond to bone marrow (BM) transplantation when donor-derived cells deliver needed enzyme. Hypothetically, the ubiquitous resident macrophages (MPhi) are the primary delivery vehicle of therapeutic protein. In mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII) mice with LSD, transplanted mature MPhi reduce undegraded(More)
Treatment of nonmalignant childhood disorders by bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is limited by toxicity from preparatory regimens and immune consequences associated with engraftment of allogeneic donor cells. Using costimulatory blockade (anti-CD40L mAb and CTLA-4Ig) combined with high-dose BMT in nonablated neonates, we obtained engraftment and(More)
The toxicity of preparative regimens render neonatal bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for progressive childhood diseases a controversial treatment. Ablative BMT in neonatal mice with or without the lysosomal storage disease mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII) show high morbidity and developmental disruption of both brain and bone structure. In this(More)