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The D-values of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella Typhimurium at various surface pasteurization temperatures were determined for low-fat turkey bologna. Four cm2 meat squares were sterilized by irradiation prior to inoculation with 0.1 mL of a 10(8) cfu/mL culture, aseptically packaged in a linear low-density polyethylene pouch, and vacuum-sealed.(More)
In many applications noisy signals are measured. These signals has to be filtered and, sometimes, their derivative have to be computed. In this paper a method for filtering the signals and computing the derivatives is presented. This method is based on expansion onto transformed Legender polynomials. Numerical examples demonstrates the efficacy of the(More)
The continuous-filament ceramic composite is becoming recognized as necessary for new, high-temperature structural applications. Yet because of the susceptibility of the filaments to damage from traditional methods for the preparation of ceramics, vapor-phase infiltration has become the fabrication method of choice. The chemical vapor infiltration methods(More)
The effects of dietary supplementation of the direct-fed microbial (DFM) Primalac in mash or crumbled feed on histological and ultrastructural changes of intestinal mucosa was determined in 2 populations of poults; 1 with and 1 without a Salmonella spp. challenge. Three hundred thirty-six 1-d-old female Large White turkey poults were randomly distributed(More)
We report actuation and detection of gigahertz-range resonance frequencies in nanocrystalline diamond mechanical resonators. High order transverse vibration modes are measured in coupled-beam resonators exhibiting frequencies up to 1.441 GHz. The cantilever-array design of the resonators translates the gigahertz-range resonant motion of micron-long(More)
A v ariety of inltration techniques can be used to fabricate solid materials, particularly composites. In general these processes can be described with at least one time dependent partial dierential equation describing the evolution of the solid phase, coupled to one or more partial dierential equations describing mass transport through a porous structure.(More)
In this study, the effect of varying dietary vitamin E levels on the oxidative stability, flavor, color, and volatile profiles of refrigerated and frozen turkey breast meat was examined. Nicholas turkey toms were reared on diets containing vitamin E levels as dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate equivalent to the NRC recommendations (12 and 10 IU/kg from 0 to 8 and(More)
The Pollution Prevention Program provides free technical assistance to North Carolina industries and municipalities on ways to reduce, recycle and prevent wastes before they become pollutants. This non-regulatory program, located in the Division of Environmental Management, addresses water and air quality, toxic materials, and solid and hazardous waste.(More)
There was a significant difference in the shell strength of chicken eggs with different curvatures of the large end. Holding temperatures of eggs significantly influenced shell strength but not shell membrane strength. There was a significant negative correlation in chicken eggs between shell strength and membrane strength in small and medium curvature(More)