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Postnatal neurogenesis contributes substantially to the neuronal population of the adult dentate gyrus. We report here that the neurons located in the deep aspects of the granule cell layer, near the proliferative zone, have different properties from those located in the superficial layers. The former group of neurons, tentatively designated as young, can(More)
The startle reflex is elicited by intense tactile, acoustic or vestibular stimuli. Fast mechanoreceptors in each modality can respond to skin or head displacement. In each modality, stimulation of cranial nerves or primary sensory nuclei evokes startle-like responses. The most sensitive sites in rats are found in the ventral spinal trigeminal pathway,(More)
Kindling, a form of neuronal plasticity produced by repeated low intensity electrical brain stimulation, leads to epileptic seizures. To address possible causes of this phenomenon, we have prepared amygdala-kindled animals and measured neurogenesis, by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation. Early, when focal seizures were present, there was no evidence of a(More)
Complex partial seizures, which typically originate in limbic structures such as the amygdala, are often resistant to antiseizure medications. Our goal was to investigate the effects of chronic dietary supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) derived from fish oil on seizure thresholds in the amygdala, as well as on blood and brain PUFA(More)
Critical flicker frequency (CFF) threshold is defined as the frequency at which a flickering light is indistinguishable from a steady, non-flickering light. CFF is useful for assessing the temporal characteristics of the visual system. While CFF responses are believed to reflect activity in the central visual system, little is known about how these temporal(More)
Davis et al. proposed that the primary acoustic startle reflex is mediated by synapses in the ventral cochlear nucleus (VCN), lateral lemniscus (LL) and caudal pontine reticular formation (PnC). The collision test was used here to estimate the locations of synapses mediating startle-like responses in these sites, and the conduction times between and across(More)
Electroconvulsive shock (ECS) seizures provide an animal model of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in humans. Recent evidence indicates that repeated ECS seizures can induce long-term structural and functional changes in the brain, similar to those found in other seizure models. We have examined the effects of ECS on neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of the(More)
In a three-group comparison, a tinnitus help-seeking group (TH) was compared on a number of different psychological measures with a tinnitus non-help-seeking group (TNH) and matched control subjects. The authors address the difference in reports of somatic complaints between the tinnitus help seekers and the other groups. The TH group showed increased(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF)-induced cellular signaling through the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) pathway plays a critical role in Wallerian degeneration and subsequent regeneration, processes that depend on Schwann cell (SC) activity. TNF dose-dependently induces Schwann cell and macrophage activation in vivo and apoptosis in primary(More)
In a nation-wide investigation, covering all the hearing centres in Sweden, a study was made of adaptation processes, subjective discomfort from tinnitus, subjective loudness of tinnitus and psychological complaints in 3372 subjects by means of a questionnaire. The most important predictors of discomfort from and adaptation to tinnitus were found to be the(More)