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Diffuse optical tomography, also known as near infrared tomography, has been under investigation, for non-invasive functional imaging of tissue, specifically for the detection and characterization of breast cancer or other soft tissue lesions. Much work has been carried out for accurate modeling and image reconstruction from clinical data. NIRFAST, a(More)
Near-infrared spectroscopic tomography was used to measure the properties of 24 mammographically normal breasts to quantify whole-breast absorption and scattering spectra and to evaluate which tissue composition characteristics can be determined from these spectra. The absorption spectrum of breast tissue allows quantification of (i) total hemoglobin(More)
Diffuse tomography with near-infrared light has biomedical application for imaging hemoglobin, water, lipids, cytochromes, or exogenous contrast agents and is being investigated for breast cancer diagnosis. A Newton-Raphson inversion algorithm is used for image reconstruction of tissue optical absorption and transport scattering coefficients from(More)
Optical spectroscopy, imaging, and therapy tissue phantoms must have the scattering and absorption properties that are characteristic of human tissues, and over the past few decades, many useful models have been created. In this work, an overview of their composition and properties is outlined, by separating matrix, scattering, and absorbing materials, and(More)
In this study the endogenous fluorescence signal attributed to reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) has been measured in response to photodynamic therapy (PDT)-induced damage. Measurements on cells in vitro have shown that NADH fluorescence decreased relative to that of controls after treatment with a toxic dose of PDT, as measured within 30 min(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between intraoperative fluorescence, features on MR imaging, and neuropathological parameters in 11 cases of newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) treated using protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) fluorescence-guided resection. METHODS In 11 patients with a newly diagnosed GBM,(More)
The authors describe what is, to the best of their knowledge, the first quantitative hemoglobin concentration images of the female breast that were formed with model-based reconstruction of near-infrared intensity-modulated tomographic data. The results in 11 patients, including two with breast tumors with pathologic correlation, are summarized. Hemoglobin(More)
The purpose of this review is to present the current state of the role of imaging in photodynamic therapy (PDT). In order for the reader to fully appreciate the context of the discussions embodied in this article we begin with an overview of the PDT process, starting with a brief historical perspective followed by detailed discussions of specific(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES This report demonstrates the diagnostic potential of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-coupled fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT) to determine epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) status in brain cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two orthotopic glioma xenograft models were used in this study: one represented high EGFR(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) involves the combination of photosensitizers (PS) with light as a treatment, and has been an established medical practice for about 10 years. Current primary applications of PDT are age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and several types of cancer and precancer. Tumor vasculature and parenchyma cells are both potential targets of(More)