Brian Timney

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The present study used previously developed techniques to measure resolution acuity in bumblebees (Bombus impatiens). Bees were required to discriminate between horizontal and vertical gratings in a Y-maze apparatus. The gratings had a mean luminance of 9 cd m(-)(2) and a Michelson contrast of 84 %. For different bees, either the horizontal or vertical(More)
The difference limen for perceived stimulus orientation was measured for thin lines, and for sine wave gratings between 2.5 and 20.0 c/deg. All observers exhibited a marked meridional anisotropy on this task with both the thin line and grating test targets. For the sine wave gratings orientation discrimination was not found to depend on their spatial(More)
We assessed the ease with which horses could learn visual discriminations and measured their resolution acuity. We trained three horses to press their noses against one of two large wooden panels to receive a small food reward. Following training on a series of two-choice discrimination tasks, resolution acuity was measured. Although there was some(More)
The time course of development of visual acuity for square wave gratings was measured behaviourally in a number of cats that were reared in total darkness until they were either 4 (5 cats) or 6 (1 cat) months of age. Less extensive measurements were also made on animals reared in a similar manner until they were either 1 1/2 or 10 months old. Initially, all(More)
OBJECTIVE In order to gain a more complete picture of the influence of alcohol on visual performance, we measured contrast sensitivity for a range of spatial and temporal frequencies in individuals with moderate blood alcohol concentrations (BACs). METHOD Subjects were tested at blood alcohol concentrations of 0.06% in both the rising and falling phases(More)
It has been suggested that acetylcholine plays a role in contrast discrimination performance and the regulation of visual contrast gain (Smith, 1996). Since alcohol has been shown to reduce levels of acetylcholine and contrast sensitivity, the present study measured the effects of alcohol on contrast discrimination and explored whether the deficits could be(More)
It has been shown that saccade-related neurons in the superior colliculus (SC) display an increased level of prestimulus activity and a higher stimulus-related burst in action potentials preceding direction errors in the anti-saccade task compared with correct anti-saccades. From this, it has been hypothesized that errors occur when the incoming visual(More)
While the alcohol literature is extensive, relatively little addresses the relationship between physiological effects and behavioural changes. Using the visual system as a model, we examined alcohol's influence on neural temporal processing as a potential means for alcohol's effects. We did this by using tasks that provided a measure of processing speed:(More)
In the first of two experiments, the effects of ethyl alcohol on monaural and binaural thresholds for pure tones were measured for a range of frequencies. The results showed a frequency-specific effect in which low frequencies were more severely affected than higher ones. Also, monaural thresholds tended to be more affected by alcohol than binaural ones.(More)