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Direct injection of dopaminergic agonist apomorphine into the lateral cerebral ventricle, the preoptic anterior hypothalamus, the caudate-putamen complex, or the globus pallidus caused hypothermia, decreased metabolism and cutaneous vasoconstriction at ambient temperature (Ta) 8 and 22 degrees C, and hyperthermia and cutaneous vasoconstriction in the rat at(More)
The Chinese Tianhe-2 (TH-2; 天河二号) is now the fastest supercomputer in the world. Manufactured by China's National University of Defense Technology (NUDT) and the Chinese company Inspur (浪潮), its peak perfor-mance—and power consumption—are roughly double that of the next fastest supercomputer, the Cray XK7 Titan located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.(More)
The effects of administration of thyrotrophic-releasing hormone (TRH) into the lateral cerebral ventricle on cardiovascular functions were assessed in both urethane-anesthetized and unanesthetized rats. Intracerebroventricular administration of TRH (10-60 micrograms in 5.0 microliters volume) caused a dose-dependent increase in both the heart rate and the(More)
1. Either electrical stimulation of midbrain raphe nuclei or administration of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; serotonin) into the preoptic anterior hypothalamus caused hypothermia in conscious rats at ambient temperatures (Ta) of both 8 degrees C and 22 degrees C. The hypothermia was due to decreased metabolic heat production at Ta = 8 degrees C, while at Ta =(More)
In the rat, elevating dopamine content in corpus striatum with electrical stimulation of substantia nigra or direct administration of apomorphine (50-200 micrograms) into the lateral cerebral ventricle or apomorphine (2-10 microgram) into the caudate-putamen complex decreased pain sensitivity (as shown by an increase in the latency to hind-paw lick in the(More)
Alterations in both physiologic and behavioral functions were assessed in unanesthetized rats after a unilateral injection of kainic acid (KA) in the striatum. The immediate behavioral effects were dyskinesias, head swaying, circling, tail elevation, hyperpnea and marked salivation. The induced behavioral responses lasted for about 14 to 18 h. Rats with(More)
The cardiovascular responses to intravenous doses of epinephrine were assessed in sham-operated, substantia nigra (SN)-lesioned, and SN-stimulated rats under urethane anesthesia. Activation of nigrostriatal dopamine pathways with SN stimulation, although showing no alteration in the epinephrine-induced hypertension, did produce a significant enhancement in(More)
Seventy-nine units in the striatal region were examined in 48 urethan-anesthetized rats. When these units were classified by their thermal responsiveness, proportions of the cold-responsive, warm-responsive, and thermally unresponsive units were 25.4, 35.4, and 39.2%, respectively, of the total units tested. Either microiontophoretically or systemically(More)
In the urethane-anaesthetized rat, increasing 5-hydroxytryptaminergic receptor activity or functional 5-HT in brain with either the specific inhibitors of 5-HT reuptake (e.g. fluoxetine and chlorimipramine) or the 5-HT itself greatly reduced the reflex bradycardia induced by the systemically administered adrenaline. The data indicate that activation of(More)
Both beta-endorphin and clonidine proved to have statistically significant analgesic activity (increase in latency to hind-paw lick in hot plate test) in rats. Furthermore, the pain inhibition induced by beta-endorphin and clonidine could be antagonized by prior treatment of animals with either naloxone (a narcotic antagonist) or the depletors of central(More)