Brian T. Steffen

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OBJECTIVE The American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association have issued guidelines indicating that the contribution of apolipoprotein B-100 (ApoB) to cardiovascular risk assessment remains uncertain. The present analysis evaluates whether lipoprotein particle measures convey risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in 4679 Multi-Ethnic Study of(More)
BACKGROUND Fenofibrate significantly reduces circulating triglyceride (TG) concentrations, particularly in individuals with elevated levels. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether fenofibrate treatment reduces markers of oxidative stress, oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) and 8-isoprostane (8-isoP), in a manner similar to TG where(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES It has been recognized that certain long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) are involved in inflammation and its resolution. It has also been shown that ethnicity may be a factor in affecting systemic inflammation, and limited evidence suggests it may influence plasma LC-PUFA composition. Given the links among these three(More)
BACKGROUND Acculturation to the U.S. is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but the etiologic pathways are not fully understood. Plasma fatty acid levels exhibit ethnic differences and are emerging as biomarkers and predictors of cardiovascular disease risk. Thus, plasma fatty acids may represent one pathway underlying the association(More)
The aim was to explore efficacy of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors in attenuating increases in anorexia and ubiquitin proteasome pathway transcripts in cardiac cachexia, a potentially lethal condition that responds poorly to current treatments. Cardiac cachexia was rapidly induced with monocrotaline in Sprague-Dawley rats. Either soluble TNF(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to examine associations of lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) concentrations with coronary heart disease (CHD) and determine whether current Lp(a) clinical laboratory cut points identify risk of disease incidence in 4 races/ethnicities of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). APPROACH AND RESULTS A subcohort of 1323 black, 1677 white,(More)
OBJECTIVE The benefits of fish oil fatty acids eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acids (DHA) on plasma lipid profiles have been inconsistent but may partially depend on individual Apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotypes. We aimed to determine whether APOE genotype modifies the association of lipid profile characteristics with plasma EPA and DHA levels.(More)
Previous studies have suggested that vitamin D deficiency might contribute to the pathogenesis of heart failure (HF); however, limited data are available on the association of vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP)--a major transport protein for vitamin D--and the development of HF. Thus, we investigated whether plasma VDBP is inversely associated with HF risk.(More)
OBJECTIVE Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the United States, yet assessing risk of its development remains challenging. The present study evaluates a new automated assay of small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol content (sdLDL-C) and whether sdLDL-C is a risk factor for CHD compared with LDL-C or small LDL particle(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Systemic inflammation is a well-known risk factor for diseases such as atherosclerosis and is augmented by the presence of obesity. In addition, it has been shown that inflammation may be negatively influenced by certain macronutrients, specifically the omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. The primary aim of this study is to determine(More)