Brian T Kornblit

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INTRODUCTION High mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) is a pleiotropic cytokine, recently implicated in the pathophysiology of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and sepsis. Data from experimental sepsis models show that administration of anti-HMGB1 antibodies significantly decreased mortality, even when administration was delayed for 24(More)
High-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) is a nuclear DNA-binding protein, which also functions as a pleiotropic cytokine, implicated in the pathology of several different immune-mediated diseases. The purpose of this study was to examine the HMGB1 gene for putative polymorphisms in 103 healthy Caucasian Danish blood donors. A total of six polymorphisms(More)
Mitochondrial inhibition by 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NPA) causes striatal degeneration reminiscent of Huntington's disease. We studied 3-NPA neurotoxicity and possible indirect excitotoxicity in organotypic striatal and corticostriatal slice cultures. Neurotoxicity was quantified by assay of lactate dehydrogenase in the medium and glutamic acid(More)
Previously, we have shown that 3-nitropropionic acid (NPA) neurotoxicity in organotypic corticostriatal slice cultures is dependent on glucose and glutamate. Here we studied the neuroprotective potential of agents improving mitochondrial function, including creatine, malate, oxaloacetate, Pyruvate and L-lactate in NPA-treated slice cultures. pyruvate(More)
Several studies have demonstrated that genetic variation in cytokine genes can modulate the immune reactions after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). High mobility group box 1 protein (HMBG1) is a pleiotropic cytokine that functions as a pro-inflammatory signal, important for the activation of antigen presenting cells (APCs) and(More)
The study is a randomized phase II trial investigating graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis after non-myeloablative (90 mg/m(2) fludarabine and 2 Gy total body irradiation) human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor transplantation. Patients were randomized as follows: arm 1 - tacrolimus 180 days and mycophenolate mofetil 95 days (n=69); arm 2 -(More)
We report the results of non-myeloablative (NM) and myeloablative (MA) conditioning for haematopoietic cell transplantation in 207 consecutive AML patients at a single institution. A total of 122 patients were transplanted in first CR (CR1) and 67 in second CR (CR2). MA conditioning was given to 60 patients in CR1 and 50 in CR2. NM conditioning was given to(More)
The risks and benefits of adding fludarabine to a 2-Gy total body irradiation (TBI) nonmyeloablative regimen are unknown. For this reason, we conducted a prospective randomized trial comparing 2-Gy TBI alone, or in combination with 90 mg/m(2) fludarabine (FLU/TBI), before transplantation of peripheral blood stem cells from HLA-matched related donors.(More)
Dopaminergic neurons in culture are preferentially resistant to the toxicity of glutathione (GSH) depletion. This effect may be due to high intrinsic levels of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)). Here we studied the effects of manipulating GSH and/or BH(4) levels on selective neurotoxicity in organotypic nigrostriatal slice cultures. Following treatments with(More)
OBJECTIVE The thalassaemia syndromes are the most common hereditary diseases in the world and now appear with relatively high frequency in non-endemic regions. Guidelines recommend the use of mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH) alone or in combination with mean corpuscular volume (MCV) in screening for alpha- and beta-thalassaemia. This article deals with(More)