Brian T. Kalish

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BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested that prehospital spine immobilization provides minimal benefit to penetrating trauma patients but takes valuable time, potentially delaying definitive trauma care. We hypothesized that penetrating trauma patients who are spine immobilized before transport have higher mortality than nonimmobilized patients. (More)
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), lipid mediators produced by cytochrome P450 epoxygenases, regulate inflammation, angiogenesis, and vascular tone. Despite pleiotropic effects on cells, the role of these epoxyeicosanoids in normal organ and tissue regeneration remains unknown. EETs are produced predominantly in the endothelium. Normal organ and tissue(More)
OBJECTIVE Prehospital intravenous (IV) fluid administration is common in trauma patients, although little evidence supports this practice. We hypothesized that trauma patients who received prehospital IV fluids have higher mortality than trauma patients who did not receive IV fluids in the prehospital setting. METHODS We performed a retrospective cohort(More)
Dietary consumption of the essential fatty acids linoleic acid (LA; ω-6) and α-linolenic acid (ALA; ω-3) is necessary for human growth and development. In the past 150 years, the average Western diet has changed dramatically such that humans today consume a much higher proportion of ω-6 fatty acids relative to ω-3 fatty acids than ever before. The(More)
BACKGROUND Parenteral nutrition (PN), including intravenous lipid administration, is a life-saving therapy but can be complicated by cholestasis and liver disease. The administration of intravenous soy bean oil (SO) has been associated with the development of liver disease, while the administration of intravenous fish oil (FO) has been associated with the(More)
OBJECTIVE The Laboratory Response Network (LRN) is the United States' laboratory system for detecting, confirming, and reporting potential bioterrorism agents. The first tier-sentinel laboratories-is composed principally of hospital-based laboratories and is tasked with ruling out potential biological threat agents in clinical specimens or the(More)
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) defines healthcare quality across six domains: safety, timeliness, effectiveness, patient centeredness, efficiency, and equitability. We asked experts in pancreatic surgery (PS) whether improved quality metrics are needed, and how they could align to contemporary IOM healthcare quality domains. We created and distributed a(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with borderline small left heart (LH) structures who initially undergo single ventricle palliation (SVP) may eventually become candidates for biventricular conversion (BC). The purpose of this study was to describe our surgical experience with BC in patients with small LH. METHODS We reviewed our institution's records for patients who(More)
OBJECTIVES Casual review of existing literature reveals a multitude of individualized approaches to emergency department (ED) HIV testing. Cataloging the operational options of each approach could assist translation by disseminating existing knowledge, endorsing variability as a means to address testing barriers, and laying a foundation for future work in(More)
OBJECTIVE Essential fatty acids (EFA) are necessary for growth, development, and biological function, and must be acquired through the diet. While linoleic acid (LA) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) have been considered the true EFAs, we previously demonstrated that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) taken together as the sole source of(More)