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Mortality in a cohort of 770 workers with potential pentachlorophenol (PCP) exposure was evaluated from 1940 through 1989. The study cohort is a subset of a larger cohort of workers with potential exposure to higher chlorinated dioxins. Total mortality and cancer mortality in the PCP cohort were slightly lower than expected in comparison to the U.S. white(More)
Systematic research and practice guidelines addressing preschool psychopharmacological treatment in very young children are limited, despite evidence of increasing clinical use of medications in this population. The Preschool Psychopharmacology Working Group (PPWG) was developed to review existing literature relevant to preschool psychopharmacology(More)
There are few epidemiologic data available to address the question of potential carcinogenic effects of hydrogen chloride (HCl) exposure on humans. An opportunity arose to augment a nominal HCl exposure classification that had been done earlier for a nested case-control study of lung cancer among a cohort of chemical manufacturing employees. Working from(More)
Nonparticipants in general population health surveys have been found to be less healthy than participants, but data on nonparticipants in work-site health surveys have been more scarce. We compared cause-specific mortality among 11,156 male employees of The Dow Chemical Company who participated in at least one work-site health examination between 1967 and(More)
We studied the ranking of osteoporosis (OP) medication attributes in a convenience sample of four different racial/ethnic groups in the United States. Our study showed that postmenopausal women differ in the ranking of OP medication attributes based on age, educational level, income, and prior fracture history. Decision making about OP medication-related(More)
Chronic prenatal stress contributes to poor birth outcomes for women and infants. Importantly, poor birth outcomes are most common among minority and low income women. To investigate underlying mechanisms, we tested the hypothesis that chronic stress related to minority or low income status is associated with glucocorticoid resistance as indicated by(More)
OBJECTIVE Screening for maternal depression is gaining acceptance as a standard component of well-child care. We tested the feasibility of this policy and determined the prevalence and incidence of maternal depression at well-child visits during the first 6 months of life. METHODS Providers in an adolescent-oriented maternity program were cued(More)
To estimate prevalence of back pain and joint problems in employees of a chemical manufacturing company, a questionnaire was administered during medical surveillance examinations between 1987 and 1989. Among 5903 employees completing the questionnaire 35.4% reported back or joint pain during the past year. Back pain lasting 30 days or more occurred in 5.3%(More)
DBCP (1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane), a nematocide, was used in the United States from the mid-1950s until 1977. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) restricted and eventually banned its use after the 1977 discovery of DBCP-induced sterility in production workers. The present study is an update of the mortality (1957-1989) experience of a cohort of(More)