Brian Stafford

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OBJECTIVES To investigate the effect of use of external hip protectors on subjects' fear of falling and falls self-efficacy (belief in their own ability to avoid falling). DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. SETTING Aged-care health services in Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS 131 women aged 75 years or older, who had two or more falls or one fall(More)
Mortality in a cohort of 770 workers with potential pentachlorophenol (PCP) exposure was evaluated from 1940 through 1989. The study cohort is a subset of a larger cohort of workers with potential exposure to higher chlorinated dioxins. Total mortality and cancer mortality in the PCP cohort were slightly lower than expected in comparison to the U.S. white(More)
Nonparticipants in general population health surveys have been found to be less healthy than participants, but data on nonparticipants in work-site health surveys have been more scarce. We compared cause-specific mortality among 11,156 male employees of The Dow Chemical Company who participated in at least one work-site health examination between 1967 and(More)
We studied the ranking of osteoporosis (OP) medication attributes in a convenience sample of four different racial/ethnic groups in the United States. Our study showed that postmenopausal women differ in the ranking of OP medication attributes based on age, educational level, income, and prior fracture history. Decision making about OP medication-related(More)
OBJECTIVE Screening for maternal depression is gaining acceptance as a standard component of well-child care. We tested the feasibility of this policy and determined the prevalence and incidence of maternal depression at well-child visits during the first 6 months of life. METHODS Providers in an adolescent-oriented maternity program were cued(More)
Chronic prenatal stress contributes to poor birth outcomes for women and infants. Importantly, poor birth outcomes are most common among minority and low income women. To investigate underlying mechanisms, we tested the hypothesis that chronic stress related to minority or low income status is associated with glucocorticoid resistance as indicated by(More)
Previous epidemiologic research has associated potential epichlorohydrin exposure with lung cancer and, in conjunction with allyl chloride exposure, to heart disease mortality. The study was designed to test both hypotheses by examining the mortality experience of 1,064 male employees (12,574 person-years) who had a minimum of 1 month work experience(More)
To estimate prevalence of back pain and joint problems in employees of a chemical manufacturing company, a questionnaire was administered during medical surveillance examinations between 1987 and 1989. Among 5903 employees completing the questionnaire 35.4% reported back or joint pain during the past year. Back pain lasting 30 days or more occurred in 5.3%(More)
DBCP (1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane), a nematocide, was used in the United States from the mid-1950s until 1977. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) restricted and eventually banned its use after the 1977 discovery of DBCP-induced sterility in production workers. The present study is an update of the mortality (1957-1989) experience of a cohort of(More)
The National Center for Infant and Early Childhood Health Policy supports the federal Maternal and Child Health Bureau and the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Initiative by synthesizing the policy relevance of important and emerging early childhood health issues, conducting policy analysis on systems-building and programmatic issues, and(More)