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Postnatal neurogenesis contributes substantially to the neuronal population of the adult dentate gyrus. We report here that the neurons located in the deep aspects of the granule cell layer, near the proliferative zone, have different properties from those located in the superficial layers. The former group of neurons, tentatively designated as young, can(More)
The startle reflex is elicited by intense tactile, acoustic or vestibular stimuli. Fast mechanoreceptors in each modality can respond to skin or head displacement. In each modality, stimulation of cranial nerves or primary sensory nuclei evokes startle-like responses. The most sensitive sites in rats are found in the ventral spinal trigeminal pathway,(More)
We examined the effect of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors in models of nociception and correlated this effect with localization and expression levels of p38 MAPK in spinal cord. There was a rapid increase in phosphorylated p38 MAPK in spinal cord following intrathecal administration of substance P or intradermal injection of formalin.(More)
Kindling, a form of neuronal plasticity produced by repeated low intensity electrical brain stimulation, leads to epileptic seizures. To address possible causes of this phenomenon, we have prepared amygdala-kindled animals and measured neurogenesis, by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation. Early, when focal seizures were present, there was no evidence of a(More)
Critical flicker frequency (CFF) threshold is defined as the frequency at which a flickering light is indistinguishable from a steady, non-flickering light. CFF is useful for assessing the temporal characteristics of the visual system. While CFF responses are believed to reflect activity in the central visual system, little is known about how these temporal(More)
Complex partial seizures, which typically originate in limbic structures such as the amygdala, are often resistant to antiseizure medications. Our goal was to investigate the effects of chronic dietary supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) derived from fish oil on seizure thresholds in the amygdala, as well as on blood and brain PUFA(More)
As an integrator of multiple nociceptive and/or inflammatory stimuli, TRPV1 is an attractive therapeutic target for the treatment of various painful disorders. Several TRPV1 antagonists have been advanced into clinical trials and the initial observations suggest that TRPV1 antagonism may be associated with mild hyperthermia and thermal insensitivity in man.(More)
Electroconvulsive shock (ECS) seizures provide an animal model of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in humans. Recent evidence indicates that repeated ECS seizures can induce long-term structural and functional changes in the brain, similar to those found in other seizure models. We have examined the effects of ECS on neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of the(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF)-induced cellular signaling through the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) pathway plays a critical role in Wallerian degeneration and subsequent regeneration, processes that depend on Schwann cell (SC) activity. TNF dose-dependently induces Schwann cell and macrophage activation in vivo and apoptosis in primary(More)
We analyzed the N ϫ N co-variance map of electron signals collected from the N Rydberg states to discover which states were flipped. We retrieved the correct number 96% of the time for N ϭ 6 and 80% for N ϭ 8. These results are summarized in Fig. 3. One need not confine information storage to M ϭ 2 quantum phases per state. In previous work, we demonstrated(More)