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Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the cause of tuberculosis, is a devastating human pathogen. The emergence of multidrug resistance in recent years has prompted a search for new drug targets and for a better understanding of mechanisms of resistance. Here we focus on the gene product of an open reading frame from M. tuberculosis, Rv1347c, which is annotated as a(More)
Chymase, the major neutral protease of the rat serosal mast cell (RMC) secretory granule, causes RMC to release their secretory granules and to oxidatively metabolize endogenous arachidonic acid to prostaglandin D2 (PGD2). The granule markers, endogenous beta-hexosaminidase and exogenously added [3H]serotonin, were released from 2.5 X 10(5) RMC in 50(More)
Exogenous addition of purified chymase, a rat serosal mast cell (RSMC) chymotryptic enzyme, results in RSMC degranulation at 37 degrees, but not at 1 degree. Chymase can cause an active site-dependent inducing event at 1 degree such that RSMC degranulation occurs if the cells are later incubated at 37 degrees. RSMC exposed to chymase or other stimuli were(More)
Exposure of rat serosal mast cells (RSMC) to chymase, an endogenous secretory granule serine protease, at 37 degrees results in exocytosis, as determined by beta-hexosaminidase release. As the number of RSMC is increased with a set amount of chymase, the net percentage beta-hexosaminidase release decreases linearly, implying a finite set of cellular(More)
After binding to their targets, cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) deliver a lethal hit signal, ultimately leading to target cell lysis, and then can recycle to lyse additional targets, without themselves being destroyed. If non-specific secreted lytic mediators are involved in such lysis. CTL survival would not be expected unless the effectors are immune to(More)
After a single intraperitoneal injection of irradiated tumor cells, host cells capable of responding against syngeneic tumors were detected in peritoneal exudates of mice. Although irradiation of the injected tumor prevented its overgrowth, it did not significantly alter the antigenicity of the tumor. Immunologic activities of tumor-associated host cells in(More)
Exposure at 37 degrees C of rat serosal mast cells (RSMC) to chymase, an endogenous secretory granule serine protease, results in exocytosis as determined by the release of another secretory granule enzyme, beta-hexosaminidase. Chymase-mediated RSMC degranulation does not occur at 1 degree C; however, exposure of RSMC to chymase at 1 degree C followed by(More)