Brian S. Meldrum

Learn More
Glutamate is the principal excitatory neurotransmitter in brain. Our knowledge of the glutamatergic synapse has advanced enormously in the last 10 years, primarily through application of molecular biological techniques to the study of glutamate receptors and transporters. There are three families of ionotropic receptors with intrinsic cation permeable(More)
The progress over the last 30 years in defining the role of excitatory amino acids in normal physiological function and in the abnormal neuronal activity of epilepsy has been reviewed in earlier articles in this series. In the last five years it has become clear that excitatory amino acids also play a role in a wide range of neurodegenerative processes. The(More)
This review considers how recent advances in the physiology of ion channels and other potential molecular targets, in conjunction with new information on the genetics of idiopathic epilepsies, can be applied to the search for improved antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Marketed AEDs predominantly target voltage-gated cation channels (the α subunits of(More)
In rats ischemia of the forebrain induced by a 30-minute occlusion of the carotid artery, followed by 120 minutes of arterial reperfusion, produced ischemic lesions of selectively vulnerable pyramidal cells in both hippocampi. Focal microinfusion into the dorsal hippocampus of 2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoic acid, an antagonist of excitation at the(More)
Transitory global cerebral ischaemia induced in rats by four vessel occlusion for 15 min produced substantial loss of CA1 cells in dorsal hippocampus, and minimal damage in other intra- and extrahippocampal forebrain regions examined. Ischaemic rats showed long-lasting deficits in spatial navigation in the water-maze, consisting of impaired learning to(More)
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral metablic rate for oxygen (CMRO2) have been studied during sustained epileptic seizures induced by bicuculline (1-2 mg/kg, i.v.) in paralysed Wistar rats, artificially ventilated with nitrous oxide/oxygen. CBF was determined by venous outflow collection, and by 133Xe desaturation, using sagittal sinus blood (for(More)
The selective mGlu5 antagonists, MPEP, 2-methyl-6-phenylethynyl-pyridine, and SIB1893, (E)-6-methyl-2-styryl-pyridine, have been evaluated as antiepileptic drugs in DBA/2 mice and lethargic mice. Clonic seizures induced by the selective mGlu5 agonist, (R,S)-2-chloro-5-hydroxyphenylglycine (CHPG), 3 micromol intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.), are potently(More)
Recent advances in the molecular biology of excitatory amino acid receptors are reviewed. Evidence that drugs blocking the excitatory action of glutamate at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA receptors may be of clinical use in epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, cerebral ischaemia and trauma, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) encephalopathy(More)
The excitatory amino acid antagonists, NBQX (2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulfamoylbenzo(F)quinoxaline) and GYKI 52466 (1-(4-aminophenyl)-4-methyl-7,8-methylenedioxy-5H-2,3-benzodiazepine) that act on non-NMDA receptors, provide potent anticonvulsant protection against AMPA [RS)-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid)-induced seizures in Swiss(More)