Brian Robert Keegan

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The Saccharomyces cerevisiae Dnm1 protein is structurally related to dynamin, a GTPase required for membrane scission during endocytosis. Here we show that Dnm1p is essential for the maintenance of mitochondrial morphology. Disruption of the DNM1 gene causes the wild-type network of tubular mitochondrial membranes to collapse to one side of the cell but(More)
Organ progenitors arise within organ fields, embryonic territories that are larger than the regions required for organ formation. Little is known about the regulatory pathways that define organ field boundaries and thereby limit organ size. Here we identify a mechanism for restricting heart size through confinement of the developmental potential of the(More)
How adjacent organ fields communicate during development is not understood. Here, we identify a mechanism in which signaling within the forelimb field restricts the potential of the neighboring heart field. In zebrafish embryos deficient in retinoic acid (RA) signaling, the pectoral fins (forelimbs) are lost while both chambers of the heart are enlarged. We(More)
In wild-type yeast mitochondrial inheritance occurs early in the cell cycle concomitant with bud emergence. Cells lacking the PTC1 gene initially produce buds without a mitochondrial compartment; however, these buds later receive part of the mitochondrial network from the mother cell. Thus, the loss of PTC1 causes a delay, but not a complete block, in(More)
Organogenesis begins with specification of a progenitor cell population, the size of which provides a foundation for the organ's final dimensions. Here, we present a new mechanism for regulating the number of progenitor cells by limiting their density within a competent region. We demonstrate that retinoic acid signaling restricts cardiac specification in(More)
Precise temporal and spatial control of transcription is a fundamental component of embryonic development. Regulation of transcription elongation can act as a rate-limiting step during mRNA synthesis. The mechanisms of stimulation and repression of transcription elongation during development are not yet understood. We have identified a class of zebrafish(More)
Organogenesis requires the specification of a variety of cell types and the organization of these cells into a particular three-dimensional configuration. The embryonic vertebrate heart is organized into two major chambers, the ventricle and atrium, each consisting of two tissue layers, the myocardium and endocardium. The cellular and molecular mechanisms(More)
Dnm1p belongs to a family of dynamin-related GTPases required to remodel different cellular membranes. In budding yeast, Dnm1p-containing complexes assemble on the cytoplasmic surface of the outer mitochondrial membrane at sites where mitochondrial tubules divide. Our previous genetic studies suggested that Dnm1p's GTPase activity was required for(More)
OBJECTIVE To reevaluate clinical management of isolated teratozoospermia, in couples initiating IVF. DESIGN Retrospective analysis of fertility indices in 535 cycles. SETTING A large, university-based fertility center. PATIENT(S) Consecutive couples (n = 495) who had a semen analysis using Kruger/Tyberberg strict criteria at our center within 12(More)
BACKGROUND Pediatric sarcoidosis has traditionally been divided into 2 distinct groups: (1) school-aged children and adolescents with frequent involvement of the lungs and mediastinal lymph nodes (similar to adult sarcoidosis) and (2) infants and preschoolers with the triad of arthritis, uveitis, and a cutaneous eruption of discrete small papules, referred(More)