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Posterolateral fusion has long been considered the "gold standard" technique for surgical treatment of adult spondylolisthesis. Superior results have subsequently been reported with interbody fusion with cages and posterior instrumentation. The goal of this prospective study was to compare the two techniques regarding their clinical outcomes and fusion(More)
OBJECT Cervical radiculopathy is typically caused by posterolateral disc herniation or spondylotic foraminal stenosis, either of which may compress the ventral aspect of the nerve root. The authors undertook a study to establish the feasibility of performing an endoscopic approach for anterior cervical foraminotomy (ACFor) in a clinical setting. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE We have developed a risk stratification score to identify cardiac surgical patients at higher risk of severe postoperative bleeding to aid a decision of whether to use a specific intervention preoperatively. METHODS We prospectively created a database of 11592 consecutive patients, who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. An(More)
A 16-year-old male presented with a massive nasopharyngeal angiofibroma arising in the nasopharynx, nasal cavity, pterygopalatine fossa, and infratemporal fossa, and eroding the pterygoid process of the sphenoid bone. Neuroimaging showed the tumor had infiltrated the parasellar region from the middle cranial fossa and reached the cavernous sinus. The tumor(More)
In this paper, a single stage bidirectional converter operated in AC to DC and DC to AC modes with a singleloop bidirectional current sensor-less control(BCSC) is proposed. This full-bridge ac/dc converter considers both the inductor resistance and conduction voltage drops for accurate representation of model. This converter is utilized in renewable energy(More)
Severe post-operative bleeding can lead to adverse outcomes for cardiac surgery patients and is a relatively common complication of cardiac surgery. One of the most effective drugs to prevent such bleeding, aprotinin, has been withdrawn from the market due to concerns over its safety. Alternative prophylactic drugs which can be given to patients to prevent(More)
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