Brian R. Wamhoff

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The focus of this review is to provide an overview of the current state of knowledge of molecular mechanisms/processes that control differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) during normal development and maturation of the vasculature, as well as how these mechanisms/processes are altered in vascular injury or disease. A major challenge in(More)
RATIONALE Macrophages change their phenotype and biological functions depending on the microenvironment. In atherosclerosis, oxidative tissue damage accompanies chronic inflammation; however, macrophage phenotypic changes in response to oxidatively modified molecules are not known. OBJECTIVE To examine macrophage phenotypic changes in response to oxidized(More)
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease that preferentially forms at hemodynamically compromised regions of altered shear stress patterns. Endothelial cells (EC) and smooth muscle cells (SMC) undergo phenotypic modulation during atherosclerosis. An in vitro coculture model was developed to determine the role of hemodynamic regulation of EC and SMC(More)
Vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) contraction is mediated in part by calcium influx through L-type voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (VGCC) and activation of the RhoA/Rho kinase (ROK) signaling cascade. We tested the hypothesis that Ca2+ influx through VGCCs regulates SMC differentiation marker expression and that these effects are dependent on RhoA/ROK(More)
OBJECTIVE We previously demonstrated that upregulation of intermediate-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels (K(Ca)3.1) is necessary for mitogen-induced phenotypic modulation in isolated porcine coronary smooth muscle cells (SMCs). The objective of the present study was to determine the role of K(Ca)3.1 in the regulation of coronary SMC phenotypic(More)
Tonicity-responsive enhancer binding protein (TonEBP/nuclear factor of activated T-cells 5 [NFAT5]) is a Rel homology transcription factor classically known for its osmosensitive role in regulating cellular homeostasis during states of hypo- and hypertonic stress. A recently growing body of research indicates that TonEBP is not solely regulated by tonicity,(More)
Ojuka, Edward O., Terry E. Jones, Lorraine A. Nolte, May Chen, Brian R. Wamhoff, Michael Sturek, and John O. Holloszy. Regulation of GLUT4 biogenesis in muscle: evidence for involvement of AMPK and Ca2 . Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 282: E1008–E1013, 2002; 10.1152/ ajpendo.00512.2001.—There is evidence suggesting that adaptive increases in GLUT4 and(More)
The primary function of the vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) is contraction for which SMCs express a selective repertoire of genes (eg, SM alpha-actin, SM myosin heavy chain [SMMHC], myocardin) that ultimately define the SMC from other muscle cell types. Moreover, the SMC exhibits extensive phenotypic diversity and plasticity, which play an important role(More)
Lipoma preferred partner (LPP) is a proline rich LIM domain family protein highly expressed at plasma membrane dense bodies and focal adhesions in smooth muscle cells.(1) Using the C-terminus of LPP as bait in a yeast two hybrid system, palladin, an actin-associated protein was identified. The palladin interacting region of LPP was mapped to the first and(More)
Ojuka, Edward O., Terry E. Jones, Dong-Ho Han, May Chen, Brian R. Wamhoff, Michael Sturek, and John O. Holloszy. Intermittent increases in cytosolic Ca2 stimulate mitochondrial biogenesis in muscle cells. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 283: E1040–E1045, 2002. First published July 24, 2002; 10.1152/ajpendo.00242.2002.—Muscle contractions cause numerous(More)