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At the crayfish neuromuscular junction, a long-lasting enhancement of synaptic transmission can be induced by tetanic stimulation of 10-20 Hz for several minutes. The long-lasting enhancement is presynaptic in origin, because quantal content increases but not quantal size, and is not dependent upon broadening or enlargement of the presynaptic action(More)
Several reports in the literature suggested that environmental influences which are reflected in the social housing conditions of the rat may play a role in the expression of individual differences in drug self-administration. The present experiments were performed in order to further examine the effects of early housing manipulations, as reflected by(More)
The study of nonhuman personality capitalizes on the fact that individuals of many species behave in predictable, variable, and quantifiable ways. Although a few empirical studies have examined the ultimate consequences of personality differences, there has been no synthesis of results. We conducted a formal meta-analysis of published studies reporting(More)
To extend a study conducted by E. M. Brannon and H. S. Terrace (1998, 2000), the authors trained 1 hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas) and 1 squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) to respond to stimuli representing the numerosities 1-4 in ascending order. When tested with novel stimuli of the same numerosities, both subjects' performance appeared to be based on(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity has been linked with a chronic state of inflammation which may be involved in the development of metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, and even cancer. The objective of this study was to examine the association between obesity class and levels of inflammatory biomarkers from men and women who(More)
This article presents the proceedings of a symposium at the 2001 RSA Meeting in Montreal, Canada. The organizers and chairs were William J. McBride and Ting-Kai Li. The presentations were (1) Metabolism of ethanol in the brain and the behavioral consequences, by Richard A. Deitrich and Sergey Zimatkin; (2) Catalase production of acetaldehyde as a possible(More)
The present study was designed to explore the interactive effects of nicotine and ethanol in the pretreatment and preexposure conditioned taste aversion (CTA) paradigm. The first experiment examined the effects of ethanol pretreatment on a nicotine induced CTA. The second experiment examined the effects of nicotine pretreatment on an ethanol CTA. The(More)
The classical model of quantal release of neurotransmitter assumes that a fixed number of quantal units are available for release in the presynaptic terminal, and that each unit has the same probability of being released. This model also assumes that different units are released independently of one another. We consider two variations of the classical(More)
The present study examined the behavioral processes mediating the influence of the GABA(B) agonist baclofen on the maintenance of voluntary ethanol intake. Long-Evans rats were randomly assigned to two groups, one receiving baclofen (10 mg/kg, IP) and the other an equal volume of saline. Subjects were presented with a free choice of ethanol (10% v/v) and(More)
The effects of GABAA agonist THIP on the acquisition of voluntary ethanol intake and the pattern of food and water consumption were examined through the use of a computer-controlled data acquisition system. Twenty male Long-Evans rats were randomly assigned to two groups, one of which received THIP (16 mg/kg, IP) and the other an equal volume of saline.(More)