Learn More
Theileria annulata is a tick-transmitted protozoan that causes tropical theileriosis, an often fatal leukoproliferative disorder of cattle. To characterize and identify parasite proteins suitable as diagnostic antigens and/or vaccine candidates, a cDNA clone encoding a macroschizont stage protein was isolated and characterized (here designated TaSP). The(More)
The divergence of parasites is important for maintenance within an established host and spread to novel host species. In this paper we have carried out phylogenetic analyses of Theileria parasites isolated from different host species. This was performed with small subunit ribosomal RNA sequences available in the data bases and a novel sequence amplified(More)
For many years it was assumed that Theileria annulata resembled T. parva, parasitizing lymphocytes and causing lymphoproliferative disease, with the two species being controlled by similar protective immune responses. Patricia Preston et al. here review the evidence that has led to a different view of T. annulata. It is now thought that the schizonts of T.(More)
The multinucleated macroschizont stage of the protozoon Theileria annulata is an intracellular parasite of bovine leukocytes. The parasite induces the host cell to proliferate, and divides in synchrony with the immortalised host cell. Differentiation to the next stage occurs within the host cell culminating in the release of merozoites and destruction of(More)
Apicomplexan parasites include many parasites of importance either for livestock or as causative agents of human diseases. The importance of these parasites has been recognised by the European Commission and resulted in support of the COST (Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action 857 'Apicomplexan Biology in the Post-Genomic Era'. In this review we(More)
Theileria annulata and T. parva are closely related protozoan parasites that cause lymphoproliferative diseases of cattle. We sequenced the genome of T. annulata and compared it with that of T. parva to understand the mechanisms underlying transformation and tropism. Despite high conservation of gene sequences and synteny, the analysis reveals unequally(More)
Bovine tropical theileriosis, caused by the tick-borne protozoan Theileria annulata, imposes a serious constraint upon breed improvement programmes and livestock production in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Animals that recover from primary infection serve as carriers and play a critical role in the epidemiology of the disease, acting as(More)
In previous studies, Theileria annulata surface protein (TaSP) was identified as an immunodominant antigen and successfully used to develop and validate a recombinant-protein-based ELISA for the detection of circulating antibodies in serum of T. annulata-infected animals. In this study, the same antigen was used to develop a competitive ELISA (cELISA) using(More)
Theileria annulata is an economically important protozoan parasite that threatens an estimated 250 million cattle with the disease tropical theileriosis. Development of a defined subunit vaccine is one means of trying to develop control measures against the disease. To this end we have characterized a surface antigen complex of the infective stage(More)