Brian R. Shiels

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Theileria annulata is a tick-transmitted protozoan that causes tropical theileriosis, an often fatal leukoproliferative disorder of cattle. To characterize and identify parasite proteins suitable as diagnostic antigens and/or vaccine candidates, a cDNA clone encoding a macroschizont stage protein was isolated and characterized (here designated TaSP). The(More)
Theileria annulata and T. parva are closely related protozoan parasites that cause lymphoproliferative diseases of cattle. We sequenced the genome of T. annulata and compared it with that of T. parva to understand the mechanisms underlying transformation and tropism. Despite high conservation of gene sequences and synteny, the analysis reveals unequally(More)
Apicomplexan parasites include many parasites of importance either for livestock or as causative agents of human diseases. The importance of these parasites has been recognised by the European Commission and resulted in support of the COST (Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action 857 'Apicomplexan Biology in the Post-Genomic Era'. In this review we(More)
Parasites have evolved a plethora of mechanisms to ensure their propagation and evade antagonistic host responses. The intracellular protozoan parasite Theileria is the only eukaryote known to induce uncontrolled host cell proliferation. Survival of Theileria-transformed leukocytes depends strictly on constitutive nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB)(More)
For many years it was assumed that Theileria annulata resembled T. parva, parasitizing lymphocytes and causing lymphoproliferative disease, with the two species being controlled by similar protective immune responses. Patricia Preston et al. here review the evidence that has led to a different view of T. annulata. It is now thought that the schizonts of T.(More)
The divergence of parasites is important for maintenance within an established host and spread to novel host species. In this paper we have carried out phylogenetic analyses of Theileria parasites isolated from different host species. This was performed with small subunit ribosomal RNA sequences available in the data bases and a novel sequence amplified(More)
Bovine tropical theileriosis, caused by the tick-borne protozoan Theileria annulata, imposes a serious constraint upon breed improvement programmes and livestock production in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Animals that recover from primary infection serve as carriers and play a critical role in the epidemiology of the disease, acting as(More)
Immortalisation of bovine leukocytes by the macroschizont stage of the tick transmitted protozoan parasite, Theileria annulata, results in the clonal expansion of infected cells and dissemination throughout the bovine host. The parasite-encoded factors which induce this unique transformation event have not been defined to date. In this study, a gene family(More)
The polypeptide Tams1 is an immunodominant major merozoite piroplasm surface antigen of the protozoan parasite Theileria annulata. Generation and selection of divergent antigenic types has implications for the inclusion of the Tams1 antigen in a subunit recombinant vaccine or use in the development of a diagnostic ELISA. In this study a total of 129 Tams1(More)
In previous studies, Theileria annulata surface protein (TaSP) was identified as an immunodominant antigen and successfully used to develop and validate a recombinant-protein-based ELISA for the detection of circulating antibodies in serum of T. annulata-infected animals. In this study, the same antigen was used to develop a competitive ELISA (cELISA) using(More)