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The multinucleated macroschizont stage of the protozoon Theileria annulata is an intracellular parasite of bovine leukocytes. The parasite induces the host cell to proliferate, and divides in synchrony with the immortalised host cell. Differentiation to the next stage occurs within the host cell culminating in the release of merozoites and destruction of(More)
Apicomplexan parasites include many parasites of importance either for livestock or as causative agents of human diseases. The importance of these parasites has been recognised by the European Commission and resulted in support of the COST (Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action 857 'Apicomplexan Biology in the Post-Genomic Era'. In this review we(More)
Bovine tropical theileriosis, caused by the tick-borne protozoan Theileria annulata, imposes a serious constraint upon breed improvement programmes and livestock production in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Animals that recover from primary infection serve as carriers and play a critical role in the epidemiology of the disease, acting as(More)
Theileria annulata and T. parva are closely related protozoan parasites that cause lymphoproliferative diseases of cattle. We sequenced the genome of T. annulata and compared it with that of T. parva to understand the mechanisms underlying transformation and tropism. Despite high conservation of gene sequences and synteny, the analysis reveals unequally(More)
The polypeptide Tams1 is an immunodominant major merozoite piroplasm surface antigen of the protozoan parasite Theileria annulata. Generation and selection of divergent antigenic types has implications for the inclusion of the Tams1 antigen in a subunit recombinant vaccine or use in the development of a diagnostic ELISA. In this study a total of 129 Tams1(More)
The apicomplexan parasite, Theileria annulata, dedifferentiates and induces continuous division of infected bovine myeloid cells. Re-expression of differentiation markers and a loss of proliferation occur upon treatment with buparvaquone, implying that parasite factors actively maintain the altered status of the infected cell. The factors that induce this(More)
The tick-borne apicomplexan parasite Theileria annulata is endemic in many sub-tropical countries and causes the bovine disease tropical theileriosis. Although the parasite is known to be highly diverse, detailed information is lacking on the genetic structure of natural populations and levels of multiplicity of infection in the cattle host. With the(More)
For many years it was assumed that Theileria annulata resembled T. parva, parasitizing lymphocytes and causing lymphoproliferative disease, with the two species being controlled by similar protective immune responses. Patricia Preston et al. here review the evidence that has led to a different view of T. annulata. It is now thought that the schizonts of T.(More)
In previous studies, Theileria annulata surface protein (TaSP) was identified as an immunodominant antigen and successfully used to develop and validate a recombinant-protein-based ELISA for the detection of circulating antibodies in serum of T. annulata-infected animals. In this study, the same antigen was used to develop a competitive ELISA (cELISA) using(More)
The tick-borne protozoan parasite, Babesia bovis is one of the causes of bovine babesiosis, an economically important disease of cattle in tropical and sub-tropical countries. Using the recently published genome sequence of the parasite, we developed a panel of eight mini- and micro-satellite markers and used these to investigate the role of genetic(More)