Brian R Marable

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Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) by isomalathion has been assumed to proceed by expulsion of diethyl thiosuccinyl to produce O, S-dimethyl phosphorylated AChE. If this assumption is correct, AChE inhibited by (1R)- or (1S)-isomalathions should reactivate at the same rate as AChE inhibited by configurationally equivalent (S)- or (R)-isoparathion(More)
Male and female Fischer-344 rats were exposed to 1,1,2-trichloroethylene (TCE) at 250, 800, or 2500 ppm for 6 h/day, 5 days/week, for 13 weeks. Weekly body weights and daily clinical observations were recorded and a functional observational battery (FOB) was performed monthly. Postexposure neurotoxicological evaluations included an electrodiagnostic(More)
Neurotoxicity regulatory guidelines mandate that automated test systems be validated using chemicals. However, in some cases, chemicals may not necessarily be needed to prove test system validity. To examine this issue, two independent experiments were conducted to validate an automated auditory startle response (ASR) system. In Experiment 1, we used adult(More)
The rodent grip strength test was developed decades ago and is a putative measure of muscular strength. This test has been included in the functional observational battery (FOB) to screen for neurobehavioral toxicity, and changes in grip strength have been interpreted as evidence of motor neurotoxicity. Despite its widespread use, questions remain about(More)
Although non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are effective in reducing pain and inflammation, these agents have adverse effects. Selective inhibitors of COX-2 are an alternative to traditional NSAIDs. Deramaxx [Novartis Animal Health US, Inc. (NAH), Greensboro, NC, USA] contains the selective COX-2 inhibitor, deracoxib, and is approved for the(More)
The USEPA neurotoxicity guidelines require the use of positive control data in support of toxicology studies submitted to the Agency and emphasize the use of chemicals to accomplish this requirement. These guidelines, though, propose a number of different rationales for the use of chemicals as positive control agents. We re-evaluated the potential roles of(More)
Two studies were performed to find out whether exposure limits that protect brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE) will protect peripheral tissue AChE after exposure to chlorpyrifos (CPF), an organophosphate insecticide. In a methods-development study, male dogs (3/dose) were exposed to 0.0, 0.3, 0.6, or 1.2mg/kg/day CPF in their diets for 4 weeks. Mixed(More)
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the auditory startle response (ASR) is a behavioral test that has been used to measure auditory thresholds, to assess sensory-motor integration functions, and its use has been recommended in the United States Environmental Protection Agency Developmental Neurotoxicity Guideline (OPPTS 870.6300). The purpose of the present study(More)
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