Brian R. Duling

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The distributions of connexin 43 (Cx43) and connexin 40 (Cx40) in smooth muscle and endothelium of resistance vessels were examined using indirect immunofluorescence techniques coupled with confocal microscopy. Cx43 and Cx40 were found in smooth muscle and endothelium. Similar staining patterns were found in microvessel samples from brain and cremaster of(More)
A thick endothelial surface coat consisting of the glycocalyx and associated plasma proteins has been hypothesized to reduce functional capillary volume available for flowing plasma macromolecules and blood cells. The purpose of this study was to compare anatomic and functional capillary diameters available for macromolecules, RBCs, and WBCs in hamster(More)
The endothelial cell glycocalyx influences blood flow and presents a selective barrier to movement of macromolecules from plasma to the endothelial surface. In the hamster cremaster microcirculation, FITC-labeled Dextran 70 and larger molecules are excluded from a region extending almost 0.5 micrometer from the endothelial surface into the lumen. Red blood(More)
  • X Jin, R K Shepherd, B R Duling, J Linden
  • The Journal of clinical investigation
  • 1997
We investigated the mechanism by which inosine, a metabolite of adenosine that accumulates to > 1 mM levels in ischemic tissues, triggers mast cell degranulation. Inosine was found to do the following: (a) compete for [125I]N6-aminobenzyladenosine binding to recombinant rat A3 adenosine receptors (A3AR) with an IC50 of 25+/-6 microM; (b) not bind to A1 or(More)
The glycocalyx (Gcx) is a complex and poorly understood structure covering the luminal surface of endothelial cells. It is known to be a determinant of vascular rheology and permeability and may be a key control site for the vascular injuries caused by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). We used intravital-microscopy to evaluate the effects of I/R injury on two(More)
The endothelial luminal glycocalyx has been largely ignored as a target in vascular pathophysiology even though it occupies a key location. As a model of the inflammatory response, we tested the hypothesis that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) can alter the properties of the endothelial apical glycocalyx. In the intact hamster cremaster(More)
Connexin 43 (Cx43) is a protein expressed in a variety of mammalian tissues. However, the lack of specific blockers and the absence of known genetic mutants have hampered the investigation of the function of this protein. Cx43-null mice die shortly after birth, thus preventing functional studies in vivo. Here, we report the generation and characterization(More)
Direct intercellular communication via gap junctions is critical in the control and coordination of vascular function. In the cardiovascular system, gap junctions are made up of one or more of four connexin proteins: Cx37, Cx40, Cx43, and Cx45. The expression of more than one gap-junction protein in the vasculature is not redundant. Rather, vascular(More)
Microvascular hematocrit and its possible relation to oxygen supply were systematically examined. We studied the red cell volume fraction (hematocrit) in arterial blood and in capillaries under a variety of circumstances. Control capillary hematocrit averaged 10.4 +/- 2.0% (SE) and arteriolar (14.2 micrometer ID) hematocrit averaged 13.9 +/- 1.2% in(More)