Brian P McNamara

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Vibration has been combined with conventional resistance training in an attempt to attain greater gains in neuromuscular performance than from conventional resistance training alone. Although there is a lack of strictly controlled studies on the vibration training effect, current findings in this area suggest that vibration may have a beneficiary acute(More)
The effect of bone-prosthesis bonding on proximal load transfer is investigated using a coupled experimental and finite element analysis on a synthetic femur. Three-dimensional finite element models for an intact femur and a femur implanted with a cementless prosthesis were constructed from the experimental models used, and the proximal femoral strains(More)
Several mathematical models to predict tissue adaptation have been derived since Julius Wolff proposed a function-form relationship for bone. These can be formulated as computational procedures (algorithms) to predict bone adaptation around implants. The objective of this paper was to further develop the damage-adaptive algorithm, to test its validity, and(More)
PURPOSE To examine (i) the acute effect of direct vibration on neuromuscular performance with a maximal-effort dynamic resistance exercise and (ii) the acute residual effect of direct vibration training both with and without the resistance exercise. METHODS Fourteen subjects were exposed to four training conditions in random order: exercise with vibration(More)
The aim of the study was to determine whether vibration applied directly to a muscle-tendon could enhance neuromuscular output during and 1.5 and 10 min after a bout of ballistic resistance training. Fourteen participants were exposed to two training conditions in random order: exercise with vibration and exercise with sham vibration. The exercise comprised(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of resistance load on the acute and acute residual effects of vibration training, with vibration applied directly to the bicep tendon in a maximal-effort dynamic resistance exercise (3 sets of maximal-effort bicep curls). Eleven participants were exposed to 4 training conditions in random order:(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the validity with which the finite element method could model synthetic bone and thereby determine the appropriateness of such femur analogues for application in pre-clinical tests. The performance of these synthetic femora was compared with cadaveric bone when employing the same geometric and material definition(More)
Combining vibration stimulation with conventional resistance training has gained in popularity. However, no portable vibrator capable of directly stimulating muscle tendon appears to feature in the literature. The aim of this study was the development of such a unit. The unit developed makes use of a rotating eccentric mass system to produce desired(More)
A method for the prediction of the time-course of bone adaptation based on an alternative hypothesis of strength optimization has been previously investigated and developed by Prendergast and Taylor. This paper extends our work in the study of the effectiveness of this bone adaptation model in predicting similar bone remodelling to that observed in animal(More)
Evaluating the state of stress/strain for a given geometry and load in femurs can be done both experimentally, measuring strain at a limited number of locations, and theoretically with finite element models. Another approach is to describe the state of strain with a few synthetic indices. For this purpose the reverse elastic problem (i.e. bone parameters(More)