Brian P. Jackson

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Although many amphibian populations around the world are declining at alarming rates, the cause of most declines remains unknown. Environmental contamination is one of several factors implicated in declines and may have particularly important effects on sensitive developmental stages. Despite the severe effects of maternal transfer of contaminants on early(More)
Emerging data indicate that rice consumption may lead to potentially harmful arsenic exposure. However, few human data are available, and virtually none exist for vulnerable periods such as pregnancy. Here we document a positive association between rice consumption and urinary arsenic excretion, a biomarker of recent arsenic exposure, in 229 pregnant women.(More)
Marine food webs are important links between Hg in the environment and human exposure via consumption of fish. Estuaries contain sediment repositories of Hg and are also critical habitat for marine fish and shellfish species consumed by humans. MeHg biotransfers from sites of production in estuarine sediments to higher trophic levels via both benthic and(More)
Compared with birds, mammals, fish, and even amphibians, very little is known about the effects of contaminants on reptiles. Recent evidence that many reptile populations may be declining has stimulated demand for toxicological studies of reptiles as well as development of nondestructive sampling techniques useful for assessing and monitoring contaminant(More)
Fast-scan cyclic voltammetry, a demonstrated analytical method for the in vivo detection of dopamine, is extended to the detection of in vitro and in vivo 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) with the use of a specific potential wave form applied at 1000 V/s. The wave form, 0.2 to 1.0 to -0.1 to 0.2 V, is employed to accelerate electrode response times which are(More)
Study organisms in chronic toxicological bioassays are often provided with excessive resources to remove food limitations as a confounding experimental variable. Under more ecologically realistic situations, resources are often less abundant and such restrictions may alter the responses of organisms to environmental contaminants. Here, we investigated the(More)
Recent studies have suggested that formation of Golgi membrane tubules involves the generation of membrane-associated lysophospholipids by a cytoplasmic Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 (PLA2). Herein, we provide additional support for this idea by showing that inhibition of lysophospholipid reacylation by a novel Golgi-associated lysophosphatidylcholine(More)
Despite the influence that amphibians have on the flow of energy and nutrients in ecological systems, the role that amphibians play in transporting contaminants through food webs has received very little attention. This study was undertaken to investigate bioaccumulation of trace elements in amphibians relative to other small aquatic organisms in a(More)
Little currently is known about the accumulation or effects of contaminants on reptiles. To date, most studies examining reptile exposure to trace elements report tissue burdens of field-captured animals, but seldom provide insight into the dose, duration, or mode of exposure involved. For two years, we fed juvenile banded water snakes (Nerodia fasciata)(More)
Mercury and arsenic are known developmental toxicants. Prenatal exposures are associated with adverse childhood health outcomes that could be in part mediated by epigenetic alterations that may also contribute to altered immune profiles. In this study, we examined the association between prenatal mercury exposure on both DNA methylation and white blood cell(More)