Brian O. Howden

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A study was made of the acute and chronic (15 days) functional and morphologic effects on the rat kidney of warm ischemia and contralateral nephrectomy, in order to define a suitable animal model for testing renal transplant preservation techniques when warm ischemia is a contributing factor. Spontaneous recovery from 30-min warm ischemia was complete, and(More)
Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) USA300 has spread rapidly across North America, and CA-MRSA is also increasing in Australia. However, the dominant Australian CA-MRSA strain, ST93-IV [2B] appears distantly related to USA300 despite strikingly similar clinical and epidemiological profiles. Here, we compared the(More)
UNLABELLED Infections caused by highly successful clones of hospital-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (HA-MRSA) are a major public health burden. The globally dominant sequence type 239 (ST239) HA-MRSA clone has persisted in the health care setting for decades, but the basis of its success has not been identified. Taking a collection(More)
Addressing the transmission enigma of the neglected disease Buruli ulcer (BU) is a World Health Organization priority. In Australia, we have observed an association between mosquitoes harboring the causative agent, Mycobacterium ulcerans, and BU. Here we tested a contaminated skin model of BU transmission by dipping the tails from healthy mice in cultures(More)
The present studies show clearly that both dexamethasone and insulin can be omitted without altering the efficacy of UW. Adenosine and glutathione are both helpful additives, as is allopurinol. These findings suggest an important role of reperfusion injury after preservation, and confirm the benefits of adding pharmacological agents likely to reduce this(More)
The hepatic artery is important in preventing biliary ischemia and obstruction after bile duct reconstruction or orthotopic liver transplantation in the rat. A technique of orthotopic liver transplantation in the rat with reestablishment of the arterial inflow is described, suitable for studies in immunology and preservation. Reestablishment of both venous(More)
A model of chronic renal rejection in the Dark-Agouti to Albino-Surgery rat combination is described. In a number of cases, the original allograft was replaced by a second Dark-Agouti allograft. Seventy-five percent of rats experienced early episodes of rejection that subsided spontaneously. Second allografts had better initial renal function. Variable(More)
The objective of this study was to establish an effective post-operative analgesic regimen for Sprague-Dawley (SD) and Dark Agouti (DA) rats. Buprenorphine (0.01 or 0.05 mg/kg), a partial mu opioid agonist, was administered subcutaneously immediately on completion of a standardized surgical procedure, involving anaesthesia, laparotomy and visceral(More)