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We have constructed a plasmid (pHE2) in which the synthetic human alpha- and beta-globin genes and the methionine aminopeptidase (Met-AP) gene from Escherichia coli are coexpressed under the control of separate tac promoters. The Hbs were expressed in E. coli JM109 and purified by fast protein liquid chromatography, producing two major components, a and b.(More)
Top predators can suppress mesopredators both by killing them and by motivating changes in their behavior, and there are numerous examples of mesopredator release caused by declines in top predator populations. Demonstrated cases of invasive species triggering such releases among vertebrate trophic linkages (indirect facilitation), however, are rare. The(More)
Invasive species can have dramatic and detrimental effects on native species, and the magnitude of these effects can be mediated by a plethora of factors. One way to identify mediating factors is by comparing attributes of natural systems in species with heterogeneity of responses to the invasive species. This method first requires quantifying impacts in(More)
The opportunistic fungal pathogen Candida glabrata is a frequent cause of candidiasis, causing infections ranging from superficial to life-threatening disseminated disease. The inherent tolerance of C. glabrata to azole drugs makes this pathogen a serious clinical threat. To identify novel genes implicated in antifungal drug tolerance, we have constructed a(More)
Transposons, segments of DNA that can mobilize to other locations in a genome, are often used for insertion mutagenesis or to generate priming sites for sequencing of large DNA molecules. For both of these uses, a transposon with minimal insertion bias is desired to allow complete coverage with minimal oversampling. Three transposons, Mu, Tn5, and Tn7, were(More)
Controlled drug delivery systems, that include sequential and/or sustained drug delivery, have been utilized to enhance the therapeutic effects of many current drugs by effectively delivering drugs in a time-dependent and repeatable manner. In this study, with the aid of 3D printing technology, a novel drug delivery device was fabricated and tested to(More)
An electrospray ionization-mass spectrometric procedure has been developed for determining glycohemoglobin. Whole-blood samples from 78 diabetic and 50 nondiabetic subjects (glycation range 3-15%, as determined by electrospray mass spectrometry) were diluted 500-fold in an acidic denaturing solvent and introduced directly into a mass spectrometer. The(More)
Structural characterizations of marsupial milk oligosaccharides have been performed in four species to date: the tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii), the red kangaroo (Macropus rufus), the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) and the common brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula). To clarify the homology and heterogeneity of milk oligosaccharides among marsupials,(More)
BACKGROUND Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESIMS) has been successfully applied to the identification of hemoglobin (Hb) variants and the presence of glucose adducts (mass difference of 162 Da) on the separate Hb alpha and beta chains. To establish the potential of ESIMS as a routine and/or a reference method for the quantification of(More)
Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESMS) of the estrogen receptor ligand binding domain (ER LBD) in its estradiol-binding form was performed. A dimeric ER LBD was observed, with a greatly reduced capacity for protonation (major charge state for dimer +16 vs. +23 for a monomer). Peak broadening (probably due to heterogeneity resulting from salt and(More)