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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results in systemic inflammatory responses that affect the lung. This is especially critical in the setting of lung transplantation, where more than half of donor allografts are obtained postmortem from individuals with TBI. The mechanism by which TBI causes pulmonary dysfunction remains unclear but may involve the interaction(More)
Conventional understanding of CD4 T cell development is that the MHC class II molecules on cortical thymic epithelial cell are necessary for positive selection, as demonstrated in mouse models. Clinical data, however, show that hematopoietic stem cells reconstitute CD4 T cells in patients devoid of MHC class II. Additionally, CD4 T cells generated from(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) are professional APCs that play a critical role in regulating immunity. In DC, maturation-induced changes in MHC class II expression and Ag presentation require transcriptional regulation by CIITA. To study the role of CIITA in DC, we evaluated key cell functions in DC from CIITA-deficient (CIITA(-/-)) mice. The ability to take up Ag,(More)
Great progress has been made toward using small animal PET to assess neurochemical changes during behavior. [(18)F]fallypride (FAL) is a D(2)/D(3) antagonist that is sensitive to changes in endogenous dopamine, and, in theory, could be used to assess changes in dopamine during behavioral paradigms. Tail vein injections of tracer require restraint in awake(More)
Raloxifene positively affects mechanical properties of the bone matrix in part through modification of skeletal-bound water. The goal of this study was to determine if raloxifene-induced alterations in skeletal hydration could be measured in vivo using ultra-short echotime magnetic resonance imaging (UTE-MRI). Twelve skeletally mature female beagle dogs (n(More)
Recently, a new developmental pathway for CD4 T cells that is mediated by major histocompatibility complex class II-positive thymocytes was identified (Choi, E.Y., K.C. Jung, H.J. Park, D.H. Chung, J.S. Song, S.D. Yang, E. Simpson, and S.H. Park. 2005. Immunity. 23:387-396; Li, W., M.G. Kim, T.S. Gourley, B.P. McCarthy, D.B. Sant'angelo, and C.H. Chang.(More)
IL-4 is a critical cytokine in the regulation of immune responses. In B lymphocytes, IL-4 signaling promotes the Stat6-dependent cell surface expression of several proteins including MHC Class II and CD86. However, the requirement for other transcription factors in IL-4-induced B cell gene expression has not been studied extensively. Here, we show that IL-4(More)
OBJECTIVE CXCR4 is overexpressed in 23 types of cancers of both hematopoietic and nonhematopoietic origin. Based on the known role of CXCR4 and its ligand CXCL12 in homing of hematopoietic cells, CXCR4 is likely to play a role in metastasis. We have initiated a study aimed at dissecting additional functions of CXCR4 in cancer cells, particularly in relation(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains a global health problem with unique diagnostic and therapeutic challenges, including difficulties in identifying the highest risk patients. Previous work from our lab has established the murine multidrug resistance-2 mouse (MDR2) model of HCC as a reasonable preclinical model that parallels the changes seen(More)
Genomic studies of the pediatric ocular tumor retinoblastoma are paving the way for development of targeted therapies. Robust model systems such as orthotopic xenografts are necessary for testing such therapeutics. One system involves bioluminescence imaging of luciferase-expressing human retinoblastoma cells injected into the vitreous of newborn rat eyes.(More)