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The role of de novo donor-specific HLA antibodies (DSA) in liver transplantation remains unknown as most of the previous studies have only focused on preformed HLA antibodies. To understand the significance of de novo DSA, we designed a retrospective cohort study of 749 adult liver transplant recipients with pre- and posttransplant serum samples that were(More)
BACKGROUND In recent years, transplantation of islets and pancreas has become a viable option for patients debilitated with type I diabetes. The success of islet transplantation has been attributed to the ability to isolate high quality islets for transplantation and capacity to maintain the recipient's immunosuppressive levels within a specific target(More)
Under anaerobic conditions, cells of Entamoeba histolytica grown with bacteria produce H2 and acetate while cells grown axenically produce neither. Aerobically, acetate is produced and O2 is consumed by amebae from either type of cells. Centrifuged extracts, 2.4 x 106 x g x min, from both types of cells contain pyruvate synthase (EC 1.2.7.1) and an acetate(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is a potent immunosuppressive cytokine that is produced by neoplastic and normal cells. It has not been demonstrated directly, however, that TGF-beta can inhibit antigen-specific T-cell responses to tumor cells in vitro. We show here that generation of antitumor cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) activity in(More)
BACKGROUND Screening pretransplantation recipient sera for percent panel reactive antibodies (%PRA) by an anti-human globulin (AHG) assay may identify recipients who are at risk for graft rejection or development of posttransplantation coronary artery disease. However, the pretransplantation AHG-%PRA does not always correlate with the occurrence of graft(More)
BACKGROUND We used a solid-phase assay to identify human leukocyte antigen (HLA) Class I and II specificities in highly reactive sera, and applied this information to predict crossmatch outcome with greater than 90% accuracy. METHODS Sera from 20 highly sensitized end-stage renal disease patients reactive to 70-100% of HLA Class I and II antigen panel(More)
BACKGROUND Current antihumoral therapies in transplantation and autoimmune disease do not target the mature antibody-producing plasma cell. Bortezomib is a first in class proteosomal inhibitor, that is Food and Drug Administration approved, for the treatment of plasma cell-derived tumors that is multiple myeloma. We report the first clinical experience with(More)
BACKGROUND At our transplant center, primary recipients of either a haplo-identical (haplo-ID) living related (LRD) or a cadaveric (CAD) donor renal allograft are transplanted after a negative donor-specific IgG anti-human globulin (AHG) cross-match (XM). Testing included the historically highest panel-reactive antibody and the immediate (0-7 days)(More)
The effect of de novo DSA detected at the time of acute cellular rejection (ACR) and the response of DSA levels to rejection therapy on renal allograft survival were analyzed. Kidney transplant patients with acute rejection underwent DSA testing at rejection diagnosis with DSA levels quantified using Luminex single-antigen beads. Fifty-two patients(More)
In a previous study, we found that 92% of patients with chronic rejection had donor-specific human leukocyte antigen antibodies (DSAs), but surprisingly, 61% of comparator patients without rejection also had DSAs. We hypothesized that immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclasses were differentially distributed between the 2 groups. A modified single-antigen bead assay(More)