Brian M . McKeever

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Leukotrienes are proinflammatory products of arachidonic acid oxidation by 5-lipoxygenase that have been shown to be involved in respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. The integral membrane protein FLAP is essential for leukotriene biosynthesis. We describe the x-ray crystal structures of human FLAP in complex with two leukotriene biosynthesis inhibitors(More)
The crystal structure of the protease of the human immunodeficiency virus type (HIV-1), which releases structural proteins and enzymes from viral polyprotein products, has been determined to 3 A resolution. Large regions of the protease dimer, including the active site, have structural homology to the family of microbial aspartyl proteases. The structure(More)
BACKGROUND Granzyme B, one of the most abundant granzymes in cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) granules, and members of the caspase (cysteine aspartyl proteinases) family have a unique cleavage specificity for aspartic acid in P1 and play critical roles in the biochemical events that culminate in cell death. RESULTS We have determined the three-dimensional(More)
Despite their proven antidiabetic efficacy, widespread use of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)gamma agonists has been limited by adverse cardiovascular effects. To overcome this shortcoming, selective PPARgamma modulators (SPPARgammaMs) have been identified that have antidiabetic efficacy comparable with full agonists with improved(More)
17beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 (17beta-HSD-3) is a member of the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR) family and is essential for the reductive conversion of inactive C(19)-steroid, androstenedione, to the biologically active androgen, testosterone, which plays a central role in the development of the male phenotype. Mutations that(More)
Renin inhibitors like aliskiren not only block renin but also bind prorenin, thereby inducing a conformational change (like the change induced by acid) allowing its recognition in a renin-specific assay. Consequently, aliskiren can be used to measure prorenin. VTP-27999 is a new renin inhibitor with an aliskiren-like IC50 and t1/2, and a much higher(More)
L-685,818 differs only slightly in structure from the immunosuppressive drug FK-506, and both compounds bind with comparable affinity to the 12-kDa FK-506-binding protein (FKBP12), the major intracellular receptor for the drug. Despite these similarities, L-685,818 is a potent antagonist of both the immunosuppressive and toxic effects of the drug. Here, we(More)
A series of benzimidazolone carboxylic acids and oxazolidinediones were designed and synthesized in search of selective PPARγ modulators (SPPARγMs) as potential therapeutic agents for the treatment of type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with improved safety profiles relative to rosiglitazone and pioglitazone, the currently marketed PPARγ full agonist drugs.(More)
Human neutrophil elastase (HNE) has been implicated as a major contributor to tissue destruction in various disease states, including emphysema. The structure of HNE, at neutral pH, in complex with methoxysuccinyl-Ala-Ala-Pro-Ala chloromethyl ketone (MSACK), has been solved and refined to an R factor of 16.4% at 1.84-A resolution. Results are consistent(More)
Crystals of diphtheria toxin have been obtained in vapor diffusion experiments from concentrated solutions of potassium tartrate as the precipitating agent. The crystals are trigonal with unit cell dimensions a = b = 97.90 A and c = 100.30 A. The space group is P31 12 or its enantiomorph. The unit cell contains 6 molecules of molecular weight 62,000 with 1(More)