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BACKGROUND Multiple congenital melanocytic naevi (CMN) in one individual are caused by somatic mosaicism for NRAS mutations; however, the lineage of the mutated cells remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES To test the hypothesis that CMN may be derived from cutaneous stem cells. METHODS Sixty-six CMN samples from 44 patients were stained for immunohistochemical(More)
Particulate matter (PM) is emitted during thermal decomposition of waste. During this process, aromatic compounds chemisorb to the surface of metal-oxide-containing PM, forming a surface-stabilized environmentally persistent free radical (EPFR). We hypothesized that EPFR-containing PM redox cycle to produce ROS and that this redox cycle is maintained in(More)
Misuse of diethylene glycol (DEG) has led to numerous epidemic poisonings worldwide. DEG produces toxicity because of its metabolism, although the mechanism of its toxicity has not been further defined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the accumulation of specific metabolites in blood and target organ tissues and to determine the relationship(More)
The fungal vacuole is a large acidified organelle that performs a variety of cellular functions. At least a sub-set of these functions are crucial for pathogenic species of fungi, such as Candida albicans, to survive within and invade mammalian tissue as mutants with severe defects in vacuolar biogenesis are avirulent. We therefore sought to identify(More)
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVES Fomepizole has been utilized with remarkable success for ethylene glycol and methanol poisonings in children and adults. However, very little information is available regarding the safe and effective use of fomepizole in pregnancy. The goal of this research was to utilize an animal model to investigate the kinetics of fomepizole in(More)
CONTEXT Diglycolic acid (DGA) is one of the two primary metabolites of diethylene glycol (DEG). DEG is an industrial solvent that has been implicated in mass poisonings resulting from product misuse in the United States and worldwide, with the hallmark toxicity being acute kidney injury, hepatotoxicity, encephalopathy and peripheral neuropathy. Our(More)
Aging-related bradykinesia affects ∼ 15% of those reaching age 65 and 50% of those reaching their 80s. Given this high risk and lack of pharmacologic therapeutics, noninvasive lifestyle strategies should be identified to diminish its risk and identify the neurobiological targets to reduce aging-related bradykinesia. Early-life, long-term calorie restriction(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Curcumin is a promising nutraceutical for chemoprevention of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Capsular formulations of curcumin demonstrate low systemic bioavailability. We aimed to determine if curcumin levels were higher in healthy volunteers and cancer patients with microgranular curcumin that allows for transmucosal(More)
The escalating increase in retirees living beyond their 8th decade brings increased prevalence of aging-related impairments, including locomotor impairment (Parkinsonism) which may affect ~50% of those reaching age 80, but has no confirmed neurobiological mechanism. Lifestyle strategies that attenuate motor decline, and its allied mechanisms, must be(More)
Diethylene glycol (DEG) exposure poses risks to human health because of widespread industrial use and accidental exposures from contaminated products. To enhance the understanding of the mechanistic role of metabolites in DEG toxicity, this study used a dose response paradigm to determine a rat model that would best mimic DEG exposure in humans. Wistar and(More)