Brian L. Wardle

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2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Available online 18 March 2008 Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are being researched worldwide to create countless new technologies [1,2], including transistors, solar cells, biomaterials, and hybrid advanced composites [3–7]. Concerns exist about the possibility of nanoscale particle release, notably release of CNTs and(More)
This study investigated airborne exposures to nanoscale particles and fibers generated during dry and wet abrasive machining of two threephase advanced composite systems containing carbon nanotubes (CNTs), micron-diameter continuous fibers (carbon or alumina), and thermoset polymer matrices. Exposures were evaluated with a suite of complementary(More)
This work investigated exposures to nanoparticles and nanofibers during solid core drilling of two types of advanced carbon nanotube (CNT)-hybrid composites: (1) reinforced plastic hybrid laminates (alumina fibers and CNT); and (2) graphite-epoxy composites (carbon fibers and CNT). Multiple real-time instruments were used to characterize the size(More)
Nanostructured composites containing aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are very promising as interface materials for electronic systems and thermoelectric power generators. We report the first data for the thermal conductivity of densified, aligned multiwall CNT nanocomposite films for a range of CNT volume fractions. A 1 vol % CNT composite more than doubles(More)
Non-destructive evaluation techniques can offer viable diagnostic and prognostic routes to mitigating failures in engineered structures such as bridges, buildings and vehicles. However, existing techniques have significant drawbacks, including poor spatial resolution and limited in situ capabilities. We report here a novel approach where structural advanced(More)
3 of 201 Characterization of Composites with Aligned Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) as Reinforcement by Enrique J. García Submitted to the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Aeronautics and Astronautics Abstract Carbon nanotubes’ (CNTs) superlative combination of electrical,(More)
A hybrid composite architecture of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), advanced fibers and a matrix is described, from CNT synthesis and characterization through to standard mechanical and electrical laminate tests. Direct growth of aligned CNTs on the surface of advanced fibers in a woven fabric enables enhancement in multifunctional laminate performance, as(More)
1359-835X/$ see front matter 2008 Elsevier Ltd. A doi:10.1016/j.compositesa.2008.03.011 * Corresponding author. Tel.: +1 617 252 1539. E-mail address: wardle@mit.edu (B.L. Wardle). An interlaminar reinforcement using aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is demonstrated for prepreg unidirectional carbon tape composites. Aligned CNTs are grown at high temperature(More)
0266-3538/$ see front matter 2009 Elsevier Ltd. A doi:10.1016/j.compscitech.2009.08.006 * Corresponding author. Tel.: +1 617 252 1539; fax E-mail address: wardle@mit.edu (B.L. Wardle). Advanced composites, such as those used in aerospace applications, employ a high volume fraction of aligned stiff fibers embedded in high-performance polymers. Unlike(More)
We report that nanoparticulate zirconia (ZrO(2)) catalyzes both growth of single-wall and multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and graphitization of solid amorphous carbon. We observe that silica-, silicon nitride-, and alumina-supported zirconia on silicon nucleates single- and multiwall carbon nanotubes upon(More)