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Nanostructured composites containing aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are very promising as interface materials for electronic systems and thermoelectric power generators. We report the first data for the thermal conductivity of densified, aligned multiwall CNT nanocomposite films for a range of CNT volume fractions. A 1 vol % CNT composite more than doubles(More)
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are being researched worldwide to create countless new technologies [1,2], including transistors , solar cells, biomaterials, and hybrid advanced composites [3–7]. Concerns exist about the possibility of nanoscale particle release, notably release of CNTs and catalyst particles , during CNT growth and subsequent handling and(More)
Vertically aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) arrays are grown on a moving substrate, demonstrating continuous growth of nanoscale materials with long-range order. A cold-wall chamber with an oscillating moving platform is used to locally heat a silicon growth substrate coated with an Fe/Al2O3 catalyst film for CNT growth via chemical vapor deposition. The(More)
A hybrid composite architecture of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), advanced fibers and a matrix is described, from CNT synthesis and characterization through to standard mechanical and electrical laminate tests. Direct growth of aligned CNTs on the surface of advanced fibers in a woven fabric enables enhancement in multifunctional laminate performance, as(More)
This study investigated airborne exposures to nanoscale particles and fibers generated during dry and wet abrasive machining of two three-phase advanced composite systems containing carbon nanotubes (CNTs), micron-diameter continuous fibers (carbon or alumina), and thermoset polymer matrices. Exposures were evaluated with a suite of complementary(More)
The interaction, or wetting, of long aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) forests with off-the-shelf (no solvent added) commercial thermoset polymers is investigated experimentally. A technique for creating vertically aligned CNT composite microstructures of various shapes is presented. The effective wetting of the forests, as evidenced by a lack of voids, by(More)
An interlaminar reinforcement using aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is demonstrated for prepreg uni-directional carbon tape composites. Aligned CNTs are grown at high temperature and then transfer-printed to prepreg at room temperature, maintaining CNT alignment in the through-thickness direction. In initial testing, the CNT-modified interface is observed(More)
Aligned CNT nanocomposites with variable volume fraction, up to 20%, are demonstrated. Biaxial mechanical densification of aligned CNT forests, followed by capillarity-driven wetting using unmodified aerospace-grade polymers, creates centimeter-scale specimens. Characterizations confirm CNT alignment and dispersion in the thermosets, providing a useful(More)
The exceptional electronic, thermal, and mechanical properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have motivated extensive research on their manufacturing and applications. At bulk scales, there is particular interest in property enhancements by adding CNTs to polymers to make composite materials. Most work on CNT-based composites presented in the literature to(More)
Advanced composites, such as those used in aerospace applications, employ a high volume fraction of aligned stiff fibers embedded in high-performance polymers. Unlike advanced composites, polymer nanocomposites (PNCs) employ low volume fraction filler-like concepts with randomly-oriented and poorly controlled morphologies due to difficult issues such as(More)