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BACKGROUND Interferon-free regimens are needed to treat hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. We investigated the efficacy of combined simeprevir and sofosbuvir. METHODS We enrolled patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 infections who had previously not responded to pegylated interferon (peginterferon) and ribavirin or were treatment naive. Patients were(More)
UNLABELLED In hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection, the duration of interferon-based therapy is a critical determinant in achieving sustained virologic response (SVR). Slow or late responders to peginterferon and ribavirin may benefit from an extended treatment course. We sought to determine if therapy extension could improve response rates in a(More)
Sustained virologic response (SVR) is defined as aviremia 24 weeks after completion of antiviral therapy for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In analyses of SVR durability, the incidence of late relapse is extremely low (<1%). Histologic regression of both necroinflammation and fibrosis has been demonstrated in paired liver biopsy samples in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The efficacy and safety of interferon-free regimens for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections require further evaluation and comparison with those of interferon-containing regimens. We compared a regimen of peginterferon, ribavirin, and sofosbuvir with a regimen of simeprevir and sofosbuvir in patients with HCV(More)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a common clinical problem, especially affecting the elderly. Current strategies of neurohormonal blockade with medications like angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors have improved morbidity and mortality, but further improvement in outcomes requires new strategies. Both anemia and chronic renal disease commonly accompany(More)
For the past decade, the standard treatment for chronic hepatitis C infection has been pegylated-interferon plus ribavirin. With US Food and Drug Administration approval of boceprevir and telaprevir--two protease inhibitors--the standard-of-care treatment for genotype-1 infection, the main genotype worldwide, is now peginterferon plus ribavirin and a(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The safety profiles of boceprevir and telaprevir in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C, administered in academic and community centres across the United States, were evaluated. METHODS In 90 medical centres, patients with chronic HCV received pegylated interferon, ribavirin, and either telaprevir or boceprevir per local standard of(More)
Hepatitis C is a leading cause of chronic liver disease in the United States, and the prevalence of hepatitis C-associated complications is increasing. Therapy with pegylated interferon and ribavirin has become the standard of care for chronic hepatitis C; the sustained response rate for treatment-naïve patients is about 55%. If certain patients fail to(More)
The reduction of gonadotrophin levels, urinary calcium and hot flushes in post-menopausal patients by ethinyl oestradiol is shown to be dose dependent, near maximum response being achieved by a dose of 15 micrograms daily. Equivalent ethinyl oestradiol doses to a number of other gonadal hormone preparations have been assessed using the derived dose-response(More)