Brian L. Jones

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Illicit use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) has become a prevalent health concern not only among male professional athletes, but, disturbingly, among a growing number of women and adolescent girls. Despite the increasing use of AAS among women and adolescents, few studies have focused on the effects of these steroids in females, and female adolescent(More)
Modulation of GABA(A) receptors induced by both anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) and the benzodiazepine (BZ) site agonist, zolpidem, show equivalent dependence upon gamma subunit composition suggesting that both compounds may be acting at a shared allosteric site. Here we have characterized modulation induced by the AAS, 17alpha-methyltestosterone(More)
AMPA receptors are glutamate-gated ion channels that are essential mediators of synaptic signals in the central nervous system. They form tetramers that are assembled as combinations of subunits GluR1-4, each of which contains a ligand-binding domain (LBD). Crystal structures of the GluR2 LBD have revealed an agonist-binding cleft, which is located between(More)
GABAergic transmission regulates the activity of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons in the preoptic area/hypothalamus that control the onset of puberty and the expression of reproductive behaviours. One of the hallmarks of illicit use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) is disruption of behaviours under neuroendocrine control. GnRH neurons are(More)
Anabolic androgenic steroids are synthetic derivatives of testosterone designed for therapeutic purposes, but now taken predominantly as drugs of abuse. The most common behavioral effects associated with anabolic androgenic steroid use are changes in anxiety, aggression and reproductive behaviors, including the onset of puberty and sexual receptivity.(More)
Incorporation of the epsilon subunit into the GABAA receptor has been suggested to confer unusual, but variable, biophysical and pharmacological characteristics to both recombinant and native receptors. Due to their structural similarity with the gamma subunits, epsilon subunits have been assumed to substitute at the single position of the gamma subunit in(More)
Though both clinicians and scientists have long recognized the influence of extracellular calcium on the function of muscle and nervous tissue, recent insights reveal that the mechanisms allowing changes in extracellular calcium to alter cellular excitability have been incompletely understood. For many years the effects of calcium on neuronal signaling were(More)
Neural transmission mediated by circuits expressing alpha2 subunit-containing gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptors is critical for the expression of behaviors known to be altered by anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS). Here we show that micromolar concentrations of AAS, which reflect levels found in steroid abusers, induce positive modulation(More)
Anabolic androgenic steroids are synthetic derivatives of testosterone designed for therapeutic uses, but now taken as drugs of abuse. Potential health risks associated with anabolic androgenic steroid abuse are believed to be higher in adolescents than in adults, but few studies have tested anabolic androgenic steroid effects in adolescent subjects or(More)
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