Brian L. Cook

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The therapeutic value of DNA-damaging antineoplastic agents is dependent upon their ability to induce tumor cell apoptosis while sparing most normal tissues. Here, we show that a component of the apoptotic response to these agents in several different types of tumor cells is the deamidation of two asparagines in the unstructured loop of Bcl-xL, and we(More)
Although understanding of the olfactory system has progressed at the level of downstream receptor signaling and the wiring of olfactory neurons, the system remains poorly understood at the molecular level of the receptors and their interaction with and recognition of odorant ligands. The structure and functional mechanisms of these receptors still remain a(More)
In order to begin to study the structural and functional mechanisms of olfactory receptors, methods for milligram-scale purification are required. Here we demonstrate the production and expression of a synthetically engineered human olfactory receptor hOR17-4 gene in a stable tetracycline-inducible mammalian cell line (HEK293S). The olfactory receptor gene(More)
PURPOSE The alpha1 antagonist doxazosin is used to treat lower urinary tract symptoms and is believed to function primarily as a smooth muscle relaxant. However, doxazosin has been shown to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in nonbladder smooth muscle. Consequently, we examined the effects of doxazosin on human bladder smooth muscle cell (SMC)(More)
Chemokine receptors belong to a class of integral membrane G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) and are responsible for transmitting signals from the extracellular environment. However, the structural changes in the receptor, connecting ligand binding to G-protein activation, remain elusive for most GPCRs due to the difficulty to produce them for structural(More)
BACKGROUND Health hazards specific to women workers have not been adequately documented. This study assessed military environmental factors associated with rape occurring during military service, while controlling for pre-military trauma experiences. METHODS A national cross-sectional survey of 558 women veterans serving in Vietnam or in subsequent eras(More)
Chronic excessive consumption of ethanol causes immunodeficiency in human beings and in mice. Immunologic changes have been described in both species, including T-cell and innate immune system cell activation, among others. The features of chronic ethanol-induced activation have similarities in the two species, including an increased effector subset in both(More)
E2F is a family of transcription factors that regulates the cell cycle. It is widely accepted that E2F-mediated transactivation of a set of genes is the critical activity that governs cellular progression through G(1) into S phase. In contrast to this hypothesis, we demonstrate that E2F actually suppresses the onset of S phase in two cell types when the(More)
The proliferation of all nontransformed adherent cells is dependent upon the development of mechanical tension within the cell; however, little is known about the mechanisms by which signals regulated by mechanical tension are integrated with those regulated by growth factors. We show here that Skp2, a component of a ubiquitin ligase complex that mediates(More)