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We recently identified a novel mechanism explaining how the mouse (m) prostacyclin receptor (IP) couples to Galpha(s), Galpha(i), and Galpha(q) (Lawler, O. A., Miggin, S. M., and Kinsella, B. T. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 33596-33607) whereby mIP coupling to Galpha(i) and Galpha(q) is dependent on its initial coupling to Galpha(s) and subsequent(More)
The human prostacyclin receptor (hIP) undergoes rapid agonist-induced internalization by largely unknown mechanism(s). Herein the involvement of Rab5 in regulating cicaprost-induced internalization of the hIP expressed in human embryonic kidney 293 cells was investigated. Over-expression of Rab5a significantly increased agonist-induced hIP internalization.(More)
Thromboxane (TX) A(2) plays a central role in hemostasis, regulating platelet activation status and vascular tone. We have recently established that the TP beta isoform of the human TXA(2) receptor (TP) undergoes rapid, agonist-induced homologous desensitization of signalling largely through a G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK) 2/3-dependent mechanism(More)
In humans, the TPalpha and TPbeta isoforms of the thromboxane A2 receptor are transcriptionally regulated by distinct promoters, designated Prm1 and Prm3. Previous investigations identified two upstream repressor regions (URR) 1 and URR2 within Prm1. Herein, it was sought to characterize Prm1, identifying the factor(s) regulating URR1 and URR2 in human(More)
Prostacyclin is increasingly implicated in re-endothelialization and angiogenesis but through largely unknown mechanisms. Herein the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) scavenger receptor class B, type 1 (SR-B1) adapter protein PDZ domain-containing protein 1 (PDZK1) was identified as an interactant of the human prostacyclin receptor (hIP) involving a Class I(More)
List of nonstandard abbreviation : G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR), thromboxane receptor antagonist (TXRA), thromboxane synthase (TXS), thromboxane synthase inhibitor (TXSI), prostaglandin endoperoxide H 2 (PGH 2); e) Recommended section : cardiovascular JPET #79301 3 Abstract Thromboxane (TXA 2) is a key mediator of platelet aggregation and smooth muscle(More)
The prostanoid prostacyclin, or prostaglandin I2, plays an essential role in many aspects of cardiovascular disease. The actions of prostacyclin are mainly mediated through its activation of the prostacyclin receptor or, in short, the IP. In recent studies, the cytoplasmic carboxy-terminal domain of the IP was shown to bind several PDZ domains of the(More)
I declare that this thesis is my original work except where stated. Signed ………………………… Date ……………. iii Acknowledgements I, Brian Kinsella would like to thank my project supervisor Dr. Fearghal Morgan for his constant help and advice throughout the year. His enthusiasm towards the project was a strong driving factor for me, and encouraged me to give my best(More)