Brian K V Maraj

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INTRODUCTION Loud sounds can decrease reaction time (RT) and increase force generated during voluntary contractions. Accordingly, we hypothesized that the loud starter's pistol at the Olympic Games allows runners closer to the starter to react sooner and stronger than runners farther away. METHODS RT for the 100/110 m athletics events at the 2004 Olympics(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to measure changes in stride characteristics and lower-extremity kinematics of the hip and knee as a function of increasing treadmill velocity, at velocities ranging from submaximal to near maximal. METHODS Six power/speed athletes experienced at sprinting on a treadmill performed trials at 70%, 80%, 90%, and 95%(More)
This investigation examined the catching coordination of 12 boys (M age = 9.9 years, SD = .8) with and without Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD; M age = 10.5 years, SD = .8), under different task constraints. Participants attempted a total of 60 catches in central and lateral locations, under blocked and randomized conditions. No effect of(More)
BACKGROUND attention-demanding tasks cause changes in the autonomic modulation of cardiac function. Heart rate variability, an index of autonomic modulation of heart rate, decreases with age. OBJECTIVE to examine heart rate variability in elderly and young participants at rest and during an attention-demanding task. METHODS we assessed 16 old(More)
An experiment is reported that contrasted two recent hypotheses about the guiding effects of knowledge of results (KR) on motor learning. Specifically, the purpose was to compare the impact of the nature of the KR itself versus the effect of the information conveyed by the KR on learning. We compared four groups of subjects, comprising a factorial(More)
Much recent research using discrete unimanual tasks has indicated that individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have more difficulty performing verbal-motor tasks as compared to visual-motor tasks (see Perceptual-Motor Behavior in Down Syndrome, Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL, 2000, p. 305 for a review). In continuous tasks, however, individuals with DS perform(More)
Previous experiments involving discrete unimanual tasks have shown that individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have auditory/verbal-motor deficits. The present study investigated unimanual and bimanual continuous perceptual-motor actions in adults with DS. Ten adults with DS, 10 typical adults, and 10 children drew continuous circles at increasing periods(More)
A concept emerging from recent studies on obstacle avoidance in quadrupeds is that working memory of the height of an obstacle established by visual information is enhanced by motor interactions with the obstacle. In this investigation, we found that this concept is valid in adult humans when viewing and walking up stairs. The main finding was that the(More)
Two experiments were conducted to examine manual asymmetries in a one-dimensional aiming task. In Exp. 1, 10 right-handed adults slid a computer mouse 13 cm on a graphics tablet with both the right and left hands to targets of 3 different diameters. Under these conditions, the movement time for the right hand was significantly faster as expected. In Exp. 2,(More)
Two experiments explored perception and action for stair climbing, with manipulations to the stair dimensions. In Experiment 1, a custom-built apparatus manipulated the stair dimensions, while three groups of participants made perceptual judgments of climbability. The groups differed significantly for absolute leg length (p < .0001), but there was no(More)