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The completion of a draft sequence of the human genome and the promise of rapid single-nucleotide-polymorphism-genotyping technologies have resulted in a call for the abandonment of linkage studies in favor of genome scans for association. However, there exists a large class of genetic models for which this approach will fail: purely epistatic models with(More)
1 Variants in hepatocyte nuclear factor-4␣ (HNF4␣), a transcription factor that influences the expression of glucose metabolic genes, have been correlated with maturity-onset diabetes of the young, a monogenic form of diabetes. Previously, in a genome scan of Ashkenazi Jewish type 2 diabetic families, we observed linkage to the chromosome 20q region(More)
Using a realistic model of meiotic crossing over the variability in full sib genetic identity is estimated by simulating 200 independent pairs of sibs. The standard deviation of the percentage of the autosomal genome identical by descent (IBD) was found to be about 0.056. Simulations of sibships larger than size two revealed that the average within sibship(More)
Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is a rare pediatric lung tumor that is often part of an inherited cancer syndrome. PPBs consist of mesenchymal cells that are susceptible to malignant transformation and cysts lined by epithelial cells. In a subset of patients, overgrowth of the cysts by mesenchymal cells leads to sarcoma formation. Here, we show that 11(More)
The association of the A1 allele of the D2 dopamine receptor gene with alcoholism was examined by comparing 32 unrelated white alcoholics with 25 unrelated white controls and by analysis of 17 nuclear families in multigenerational pedigrees of alcoholics in whom the A1 allele was segregating. All subjects had structured psychiatric interviews. Clinical(More)
A genome scan meta-analysis (GSMA) was carried out on 32 independent genome-wide linkage scan analyses that included 3255 pedigrees with 7413 genotyped cases affected with schizophrenia (SCZ) or related disorders. The primary GSMA divided the autosomes into 120 bins, rank-ordered the bins within each study according to the most positive linkage result in(More)
All published studies on the familial incidence of schizophrenia appropriate for testing the applicability of the general single-locus two-allele model are examined under the assumption of a unitary etiology for all schizophrenia. We show that the single major locus model is inadequate to predict the incidence in four classes of relatives of schizophrenic(More)
Because of its central role in the neuromodulation of appetitive behaviors, the D2 dopamine receptor gene (DRD2) has received considerable scrutiny as a possible candidate that may affect susceptibility to additive behaviors--especially alcoholism. Association studies that compare the frequencies of anonymous restriction fragment length polymorphisms(More)
The aggressiveness of prostate cancer (PCa) varies widely: some tumors progress to invasive, potentially life-threatening disease, whereas others stay latent for the remainder of an individual's lifetime. The mechanisms resulting in this variability are not yet understood, but they are likely to involve both genetic and environmental influences. To(More)
A total of 896 individuals of Ashkenazi Jewish descent were ascertained in Israel from 267 multiplex families, including 472 sib-pairs affected with type 2 diabetes. A genome-wide scan with average marker spacing of 9.5 cM revealed five regions on four chromosomes (4q, 8q, 14q, and 20q) that exhibited nominal evidence for linkage (P < 0.05). The highest(More)