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High resolution functional MRI (fMRI) experiments were performed in human visual cortex at 0.5, 1.5, and 4 T to determine the blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) field strength response within regions of obvious venous vessels and cortical gray matter ("tissue"). T2*-weighted FLASH images were collected in single- and multi-echo mode and used to(More)
The authors present a unique application of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) cryogel as an anthropomorphic, elastic, vascular phantom material that can be used in MR imaging. The composition consists of two nontoxic ingredients: water and PVA. The biomechanical and MR properties can be adjusted to be similar to those of excised porcine aortas by varying the number(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The relationship between middle cerebral artery (MCA) flow velocity (CFV) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) is uncertain because of unknown vessel diameter response to physiological stimuli. The purpose of this study was to directly examine the effect of a simulated orthostatic stress (lower body negative pressure [LBNP]) as well as(More)
A novel, fully 3D, high-resolution T(1) and T(2) relaxation time mapping method is presented. The method is based on steady-state imaging with T(1) and T(2) information derived from either spoiling or fully refocusing the transverse magnetization following each excitation pulse. T(1) is extracted from a pair of spoiled gradient recalled echo (SPGR) images(More)
The driven-equilibrium single-pulse observation of T(1) (DESPOT1) and T(2) (DESPOT2) are rapid, accurate, and precise methods for voxelwise determination of the longitudinal and transverse relaxation times. A limitation of the methods, however, is the inherent assumption of single-component relaxation. In a variety of biological tissues, in particular human(More)
In the current work we demonstrate, for the first time, that single cells can be detected in mouse brain in vivo using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Cells were labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles and injected into the circulation of mice. Individual cells trapped within the microcirculation of the brain could be visualized with(More)
Variations in the intrinsic T(1) and T(2) relaxation times have been implicated in numerous neurologic conditions. Unfortunately, the low resolution and long imaging time associated with conventional methods have prevented T(1) and T(2) mapping from becoming part of routine clinical evaluation. In this study, the clinical applicability of the DESPOT1 and(More)
Magnetization transfer and multicomponent T2 imaging techniques were implemented to study guinea pig in vivo. A chronic-progressive model of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) was produced, and the inflammatory component of the disease was manipulated using antibodies against integrin. The magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) and T2 relaxation(More)
PURPOSE The precise role played by hemodynamics, particularly wall shear stress, in the development and progression of vascular disease remains unclear, in large part because of a lack of in vivo studies with humans. Although technical challenges remain for noninvasively imaging wall shear stresses in humans, vascular anatomy can be imaged with sufficiently(More)
A technique for the simultaneous measurement of three vascular parameters: blood flow (Frho), blood volume (v(b)), and the capillary permeability-surface area product (PSrho) in breast tumors using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is presented. Features of the technique include measurement of precontrast tumor T(1), rapid temporal(More)