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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that changes in circulating microRNAs (miRs) represent potentially useful biomarkers for the diagnosis, staging and prediction of outcome in prostate cancer. METHODS Real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis of 742 miRs was performed using plasma-derived circulating microvesicles of 78(More)
BACKGROUND Massively parallel DNA sequencing of cell-free fetal DNA from maternal blood can detect fetal chromosomal abnormalities. Although existing algorithms focus on the detection of fetal trisomy 21 (T21), these same algorithms have difficulty detecting trisomy 18 (T18). METHODS Blood samples were collected from 1014 patients at 13 US clinic(More)
BACKGROUND The Gail model is widely used for the assessment of risk of invasive breast cancer based on recognized clinical risk factors. In recent years, a substantial number of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with breast cancer risk have been identified. However, it remains unclear how to effectively integrate clinical and genetic risk(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D) underlies the STRK1 linkage peak for stroke on chromosome 5q12 identified in Iceland. We tested association of 13 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 1 microsatellite in a nested case-control sample of elderly white women (>65 years of age) from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF) in the(More)
A gene expression score (GES) for obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) has been validated in two multicenter studies. Receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analysis of the GES on an expanded Personalized Risk Evaluation and Diagnosis in the Coronary Tree (PREDICT) cohort (NCT no. 00500617) with CAD defined by quantitative coronary angiography (QCA)(More)
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