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We compared the effectiveness of four methods for detecting patient motion during tomographic myocardial perfusion imaging: visual inspection of a cine of the raw data, cross-correlation, diverging squares and a new method called two-dimensional fit. The methods were evaluated for their ability to detect the presence of motion, localize the camera angle at(More)
UNLABELLED We evaluated whether use of a device that positions and supports the upper extremities and back during tomographic myocardial perfusion imaging reduces the incidence and severity of patient motion and patient motion artifact. METHODS We enrolled 190 patients referred for stress/redistribution myocardial perfusion imaging. All patients were(More)
An imaging study is needed that can detect sternal wound infections and distinguish between superficial and deep sternal wound infection when a clinical diagnosis is uncertain and a decision regarding surgical intervention must be made. We retrospectively reviewed the 99mTc-leukocyte scans of 29 patients referred to rule out sternal wound infection. The(More)
We evaluated the effect of patient motion on inducing false-positive tomographic 201Tl myocardial perfusion studies. The effects of the angle of camera rotation at which movement occurs, the direction of movement and the distance of movement were studied. Movement was stimulated by shifting the raw data from normal motion-free 201Tl tomographic myocardial(More)
The development, distribution, and support of computer-based instruction in radiology is complicated by the fact that many radiology departments use computers with different operating systems: Macintosh and Windows. A program for developing cross-platform on-line documentation was adapted to develop a graphical hypertext tutorial that would run identically(More)
We studied the changes in pulmonary hemodynamics and lung wet weight induced with opsonized zymosan (OZ) in isolated guinea pig lungs perfused with Ringer-albumin solution containing neutrophils (PMNs). Addition of OZ to the PMN-perfused lungs caused pulmonary vasoconstriction and weight gain; neither OZ nor PMNs added individually to the perfusate altered(More)
We examined the mechanisms of platelet uptake in the lungs after alpha-thrombin-induced pulmonary microembolism. Platelets labeled with 111In-oxine were reinfused into chronically prepared sheep. Pulmonary microembolism resulted in an increase in lung platelet radioactivity (95.5 +/- 15.3%; n = 4), which was followed by an exponential washout (half-life =(More)
We tested the hypothesis that albumin reduces the vascular wall hydraulic conductivity by an interaction with the endothelium. The system consisted of luminal and abluminal chambers separated by a microporous filter onto which was grown a confluent monolayer of ovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells. The abluminal chamber filtrate was collected for timed(More)
We studied polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) uptake in lungs of endotoxemic rabbits using 111In-labeled PMN and isotope imaging by gamma scintigraphy. Rabbits were challenged intravenously with 100 micrograms Escherichia coli endotoxin either 4 or 24 h before an intravenous injection of 111In-labeled PMN, which was obtained from donor rabbits. The(More)
We examined the role of circulating granulocytes in the pulmonary microvascular response to leukotriene B4 (LTB4) by prior depletion of circulating granulocytes using hydroxyurea. LTB4 (2 micrograms/kg injection followed by infusion of 2 micrograms/kg over 15 min) produced transient increases in pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance,(More)