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percent of the population had incomes below the poverty line, and 31 percent had incomes below 200 percent of the poverty line. Compared to the overall population, a far higher share of those in single-mother families are poor or near-poor, with 67 percent below 200 percent of the poverty line in 2005. A shockingly high 24 percent of those in single-mother(More)
University. We thank Alan Berkowitz and Peter Feather for providing historical fuel-economy data and for answering numerous questions about CAFE standards. We thank Wei Fan for significant help with the vehicle transaction data. All errors are our own.tal Protection Agency (EPA) under the Science to Achieve Results (STAR) Graduate Fellowship Program. EPA(More)
Preliminary and incomplete Please do not cite without permission. Abstract The recent growth in offshore outsourcing of intermediate input production makes it especially critical that statistical agencies are able to accurately measure quality-adjusted trade flows. This paper examines the implications of global production sharing for measuring the price of(More)
This paper demonstrates that low-skilled Mexican-born immigrants' location choices in the U.S. respond strongly to changes in local labor demand, and that this geographic elasticity helps equalize spatial differences in labor market outcomes for low-skilled native workers, who are much less responsive. We leverage the substantial geographic variation in(More)
This section closely follows Jones (1975), but deviates from that paper's result by allowing the amount of labor available to the regional economy to vary. Consider a particular region, r, suppressing that subscript on all terms. Industries are indexed by i = 1...N. L is the total amount of labor and T i is the amount of industry i-specific factor available(More)
We empirically study the dynamics of labor market adjustment following the Brazilian trade reform of the 1990s. We use variation in industry-specific tariff cuts interacted with initial regional industry mix to measure trade-induced local labor demand shocks, and then examine regional and individual labor market responses to those one-time shocks over two(More)
This paper measures the effects of Brazil's 1987-1995 trade liberalization on local labor market wages and internal migration patterns. I develop a specific-factors model of regional economies to examine the impact of national price changes on local labor markets. In the model, a region's industry mix determines the local impact of liberalization, with(More)
We study price and quality differences across international intermediate input suppliers. Our uniquely detailed transaction-level data exhibit large price differences across suppliers of observationally identical products, but these price gaps narrow over the product life cycle. We disentangle pure (frictional) price dispersion from unobserved quality(More)
This paper quantifies the effects of trade liberalization on local labor market outcomes and workers' migration patterns. I extend the classic specific-factors model to examine the impact of national price changes on local labor markets. The model describes how tariff changes across industries affect wages in local labor markets within the liberalizing(More)