Brian K Duchateau

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The CD40 ligand (CD154), expressed primarily on activated CD4-positive T cells, is a costimulatory molecule involved in B-cell proliferation, germinal center formation, and immunoglobulin class switching. Since B-cell abnormalities including hypergammaglobulinemia and abnormal antibody-specific immune responses are prominent and occur early during the(More)
Regeneration and tolerance factor (RTF) is a protein cloned from the thymus and expressed on B lymphocytes in normal pregnancy, B lymphocytic leukemia lines, and T and B lymphocytes in individuals with HIV infection. Findings, using the Jurkat T-cell model, revealed that RTF is upregulated after activation and anti-RTF antibody-induced apoptosis. In this(More)
PROBLEM Natural Killer (NK) cell measurement and NK cytotoxicity are two measurements for assessing the cellular immune response. Both of the techniques have been reported to be prognostic for women with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). We evaluated the two methods to determine the relationship of the two assays. Because both methods portend to(More)
We evaluated twenty renal transplant subjects at various stages of BKV nephritis (BKVN) for BKV-specific IgG and IgM antibodies using ELISA technique and BKV-DNA using PCR. They were divided as early onset (n = 7), stabilizing (n = 3), resolved (n = 8) and late onset (n = 2) BKVN. BKV-specific antibodies and BKV-DNA were simultaneously determined. The mean(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cause two of the most prevalent debilitating viral infections. HIV appears to induce a skewing toward a Th2 response, while in HCV infection a Th1 response appears to dominate. Regeneration and tolerance factor (RTF) may participate in driving or sustaining a Th2 cytokine response. The(More)
Optical maps were generated for 33 uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolates. For individual genomes, the NcoI restriction fragments aligned into a unique chromosome map for each individual isolate, which was then compared with the in silico restriction maps of all of the sequenced E. coli and Shigella strains. All of the UPEC isolates clustered(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection causes extensive phenotypic alterations in lymphocytes. Cellular markers that are normally absent or expressed at low levels on quiescent cells are upregulated throughout the disease course. The transmembrane form of regeneration and tolerance factor (RTF) is expressed at negligible levels on resting T cells but(More)
Minor histocompatibility antigens (mHAg) induce major histocompatibility complex-restricted, T cell-mediated immune responses that may contribute to increased risk of graft-versus-host disease and graft-versus-leukemia effects. Unlike human leukocyte antigen genes, mHAg are encoded by genetically and functionally unrelated genes located throughout the(More)
BACKGROUND The von Willebrand factor (VWF)-cleaving protease, ADAMTS13, is often deficient in cases of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). The primary treatment of TTP is therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) utilizing a variety of plasma products that help restore ADAMTS13 activity. However, multiple replacement products are available to choose from.(More)
Regeneration and tolerance factor (RTF) plays a pivotal role in successful pregnancy outcome and has potent immunomodulating properties. During pregnancy, it is abundantly expressed in the placenta and on peripheral B lymphocytes. Several lines of evidence suggest that both successful pregnancy outcome and progression from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)(More)
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