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The alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is a promising target for treatment of cognitive dysfunction associated with Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. Here, we report the pharmacological properties of 5-morpholin-4-yl-pentanoic acid (4-pyridin-3-yl-phenyl)-amide [SEN12333 (WAY-317538)], a novel selective agonist of alpha7 nAChR. SEN12333(More)
Mutations in the HERG gene are linked to the LQT2 form of the inherited long-QT syndrome. Transgenic mice were generated expressing high myocardial levels of a particularly severe form of LQT2-associated HERG mutation (G628S). Hearts from G628S mice appeared normal except for a modest enlargement seen only in females. Ventricular myocytes isolated from(More)
The alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) has been implicated in Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia, leading to efforts targeted toward discovering agonists and positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) of this receptor. In a Ca2+ flux fluorometric imaging plate reader assay, SB-206553 (3,5-dihydro-5-methyl -N-3-pyridinylbenzo [1, 2-b:4,5 -b']-di(More)
We studied the effects of NE-10064 (azimilide), a new antiarrhythmic agent reported to be a selective blocker of the slowly activating component of the delayed rectifier, IKs. In ferret papillary muscles, NE-10064 increased effective refractory period (ERP) and decreased isometric twitch tension in a concentration-dependent manner (0.3-30 microM). Increases(More)
In this study, we describe the pharmacological characterization of novel aryl-ether, biaryl, and fluorene aspartic acid and diaminopropionic acid analogs as potent inhibitors of EAAT2, the predominant glutamate transporter in forebrain regions. The rank order of potency determined for the inhibition of human EAAT2 was(More)
We examined the variability of occurrence and frequency of voltage-dependent whole-cell currents in human peripheral blood monocyte-derived macrophages (HMDM) maintained in culture for up to three weeks. An increase in cell capacitance from an average value of 9 pF on the day of isolation to 117 pF at 14 days accompanied growth and differentiation in(More)
The delayed rectifier K+ current (IK) in rabbit heart has long been thought to consist of only a single, rapidly activating, dofetilide-sensitive current, IKr. However, we find that IK of rabbit ventricular myocytes actually consists of both rapid and slow components, IKr and IKs, respectively, that can be isolated pharmacologically. Thus, after complete(More)
Although an outwardly rectifying K+ conductance (I K, A) is prominently expressed in human alveolar macrophages, the expression of this conductance in human monocyte-derived macrophages (HMDMs) is rare. We have analyzed the induction of the expression of I K, A in voltage-clamped, in vitro differentiated HMDMs by a number of stimuli which produce either(More)
Heterologous functional expression of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) is difficult to achieve in mammalian cell lines, and the reasons have been associated with a lack of expression of the putative chaperone factor RIC-3. Here, we describe the generation and functional and pharmacological characterization of a Chinese hamster ovary(More)
Although an outwardly rectifying K+-conductance has been described in murine peritoneal macrophages and a murine macrophage cell line, the expression of this conductance in human monocyte-derived macrophages (HMDMs) is rare. Whole-cell current recordings in this study were obtained from HMDMs differentiated in adherent culture for varying periods of time(More)