Brian J Smith

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The cDNA of a novel matrix metalloproteinase, collagenase-3 (MMP-13) has been isolated from a breast tumor library (Freije, J. M. P., Dicz-Itza, I., Balbin, M., Sanchez, L. M., Blasco, R., Tolivia, J., and López-Otin, C. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 16766-16773), and a potential role in tumor progression has been proposed for this enzyme. In order to(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess awareness and use of the current incident reporting system and to identify factors inhibiting reporting of incidents in hospitals. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Anonymous survey of 186 doctors and 587 nurses from diverse clinical settings in six South Australian hospitals (response rate = 70.7% and 73.6%, respectively). MAIN(More)
Gelatinase A and membrane-type metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) were able to process human procollagenase-3 (Mr 60,000) to the fully active enzyme (Tyr85 N terminus; Mr 48,000). MT1-MMP activated procollagenase-3 via a Mr 56,000 intermediate (Ile36 N terminus) to 48,000 which was the result of the cleavage of the Glu84-Tyr85 peptide bond. We have established(More)
TNF-alpha converting enzyme (TACE; ADAM-17) is a membrane-bound disintegrin metalloproteinase that processes the membrane-associated cytokine proTNF-alpha to a soluble form. Because of its putative involvement in inflammatory diseases, TACE represents a significant target for the design of specific synthetic inhibitors as therapeutic agents. In order to(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnoea is the periodic reduction (hypopnoea) or cessation (apnoea) of breathing due to narrowing or occlusion of the upper airway during sleep. The main symptom is daytime sleepiness and it has been suggested it is linked to premature death, hypertension, ischaemic heart disease, stroke and road traffic accidents. OBJECTIVES(More)
Soluble proenzyme forms of the catalytic domains of membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases 1 and 2 (MT1-MMP and MT2-MMP) and a form of MT1-MMP containing the catalytic and hemopexin domains were expressed as soluble recombinant proteins. Purified, activated forms of the MT-MMP were shown to degrade fibronectin, tenascin, nidogen, aggrecan and perlecan.(More)
It has been proposed that the cell-mediated activation of progelatinase A requires binding of the C-terminal domain of the proenzyme to a membrane-associated complex of the membrane type matrix metalloproteinase MT1-MMP and TIMP-2. Subsequent sequential proteolysis of the propeptide by MT1-MMP and gelatinase A is thought to generate the active form of(More)
Recombinant human procollagenase-3 and a C-terminal truncated form (Delta249-451 procollagenase-3) have been stably expressed in myeloma cells and purified. The truncated proenzyme could be processed by aminophenylmercuric acetate via a short-lived intermediate form (N-terminal Leu58) to the final active form (N-terminal Tyr85). The kinetics of activation(More)
OBJECTIVES (i) To examine attitudes of medical and nursing staff towards reporting incidents (adverse events and near-misses), and (ii) to identify measures to facilitate incident reporting. DESIGN Qualitative study. In March 2002, semistructured questions were administered to five focus groups--one each for consultants, registrars, resident medical(More)
Collagen fibres form the stable architecture of connective tissues and their breakdown is a key irreversible step in many pathological conditions. The destruction of collagen is usually initiated by proteinases, the best known of which is the metalloproteinase collagenase (EC 3.4.24). Collagenase and related metalloproteinases are regulated at the level of(More)