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An outbreak of acute respiratory disease in Hendra, a suburb of Brisbane, Australia, in September 1994 resulted in the deaths of 14 racing horses and a horse trainer. The causative agent was a new member of the family Paramyxoviridae. The virus was originally called Equine morbillivirus but was renamed Hendra virus (HeV) when molecular characterization(More)
A recent Australian field isolate of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) was analyzed with antipeptide antibodies capable of differentiating between the sequences at the cleavage activation sites of fusion proteins of different NDV pathotypes. The isolate was found to have the same fusion protein cleavage activation signal as the V4 isolate of the Queensland(More)
In 1994, a new member of the family Paramyxoviridae isolated from fatal cases of respiratory disease in horses and humans was shown to be distantly related to morbilliviruses and provisionally called equine morbillivirus (K. Murray et al., Science 268:94-97, 1995). To facilitate characterization and classification, the virus was purified, viral proteins(More)
Tioman virus (TioV) was isolated from a number of pooled urine samples of Tioman Island flying foxes (Pteropus hypomelanus) during the search for the reservoir host of Nipah virus. Studies have established TioV as a new virus in the family Paramyxoviridae. This novel paramyxovirus is antigenically related to Menangle virus that was isolated in Australia in(More)
Hendra and Nipah viruses are newly emerged, zoonotic viruses and their genomes have nucleotide and predicted amino acid homologies placing them in the family Paramyxoviridae. Currently these viruses are classified in the new genus Henipavirus, within the subfamily Paramyxovirinae, family Paramyxoviridae. The genes encoding HeV and NiV nucleocapsid proteins(More)
Menangle virus (MenV), which was isolated in Australia in 1997 during an outbreak of severe reproductive disease in pigs, is a novel member of the genus Rubulavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae. Although successfully eradicated from the affected piggery, fruit bats are considered to be the natural reservoir of the virus and therefore an ongoing risk of(More)
Viruses in the genus Capripoxvirus, family Poxviridae, cause sheeppox, goatpox and lumpy skin disease, which are the most serious poxvirus diseases of production animals. Despite the considerable threat that these viruses pose to livestock production and global trade in sheep, goats, cattle and their products, convenient and effective serodiagnostic tools(More)
Hendra (HeV) and Nipah (NiV) viruses are newly emerged, zoonotic viruses and their genomes have nucleotide and predicted amino acid homologies placing them in the subfamily Paramyxoviridae. The polymerase-associated phosphoproteins (P proteins) of paramyxoviruses have been shown, by direct and indirect methods, to be highly phosphorylated. In this study, a(More)
Antipeptide antibodies have been evaluated for their abilities to predict the characteristics of the cleavage motifs of the fusion protein precursors (F0) of 25 isolates of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) with a range of virulences, grouped into 12 sets according to their monoclonal antibody reactivities. A Western blot format was used to show that antisera(More)
Envelope glycoprotein E2 (gp51 to gp54) is the major neutralizing antigen of pestiviruses, which include classical swine fever virus (CSFV), bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV), and border disease virus (BVD). Previous studies carried out using a panel of monoclonal antibodies raised against CSFV strain Brescia have revealed the existence of four antigenic(More)