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Reduction of bone turnover with bisphosphonate treatment alters bone mineral and matrix properties. Our objective was to investigate the effect of bisphosphonate treatment on bone tissue properties near fragility fracture sites in the proximal femur in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. The mineral and collagen properties of corticocancellous biopsies(More)
BACKGROUND Bone quantity, quality, and turnover contribute to whole bone strength. Although bone mineral density, or bone quantity, is associated with increased fracture risk, less is known about bone quality. Various conditions, including disorders of mineral homeostasis, disorders in bone remodeling, collagen disorders, and drugs, affect bone quality. (More)
BACKGROUND Surgical treatment of symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) aims to improve symptoms and potentially delay initiation of hip osteoarthritis and prevent progression to end-stage hip osteoarthritis and possible total hip arthroplasty (THA). Hip arthroscopy and open surgical hip dislocations are the 2 most common surgical approaches used(More)
Our study aims to identify the prevalence of low vitamin D status in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) and to evaluate the association between serum vitamin D level and the attainment of in-hospital functional milestones. We collected data from patients who underwent THA and had preoperative serum vitamin D (serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D) levels(More)
BACKGROUND Increased posterior tibial slope is associated with increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in adults. A similar association has not been rigorously examined in children and adolescents. PURPOSE To determine whether alterations in posterior tibial slope are associated with ACL tears in pediatric and adolescent patients and to(More)
To address the cause of fragility fractures, an understanding of the determinants of bone strength is needed. Identifying patients at increased fracture risk should take into account bone quantity, quality, and turnover. Postmenopausal osteoporosis remains the most common derangement of bone strength; however, decreased bone strength can also result from(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac-directed expression of adenylyl cyclase type VI (AC(VI)) in mice results in structurally normal hearts with normal basal heart rate and function but increased responses to catecholamine stimulation. We tested the hypothesis that increased left ventricular (LV) AC(VI) content would increase mortality after acute myocardial infarction (MI).(More)
Localization of protein kinase A (PKA) via A-kinase-anchoring proteins (AKAPs) is important for cAMP responsiveness in many cellular systems, and evidence suggests that AKAPs play an important role in cardiac signaling. To test the importance of AKAP-mediated targeting of PKA on cardiac function, we designed a cell-permeable peptide, which we termed(More)
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) represents an extended period of physiologic stress. It is unknown whether patients with pre-existing coronary artery disease (CAD) may be poor transplant candidates. There are no data analyzing the risk of transplantation in this population. Sixty-nine patients with CAD who underwent 72 transplantations,(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries of the elbow has increased in adolescents over the past decade because of widespread participation in athletics and heightened awareness among physicians. HYPOTHESIS Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction using the docking technique would result in a successful return to athletic(More)