Brian J Rafferty

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OBJECTIVE Epidemiological evidence suggests that infections may contribute to atherogenesis. However, with the exception of Chlamydophila pneumoniae, cultivable bacteria have not been recovered from atherosclerotic lesions. Therefore, we aimed at developing an approach to recover uncultivable bacteria from atherectomy tissues. METHODS We cultured(More)
Intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) play a role in mucosal inflammation by producing pro-inflammatory chemokines that may initiate or amplify local responses. IL-1 is a potent activator of IEC and its receptor localizes to focal adhesions. Since the Rho-associated kinase, ROCK, also localizes to focal adhesions, we examined the role of ROCK in IL-1-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Porphyromonas gingivalis strains are shown to invade human cells in vitro with different invasion efficiencies, varying by up to three orders of magnitude. OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that invasion-associated interstrain genomic polymorphisms are present in P. gingivalis and that putative invasion-associated genes can contribute to P.(More)
PURPOSE The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is a barrier to Klebsiella pneumoniae infection in endogenous endophthalmitis. Nevertheless, the inflammatory response of RPE cells upon interaction with this pathogen has not been studied. Here we tested the hypothesis that K. pneumoniae induces an inflammatory response in human retinal epithelial cells. (More)
Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CCN2/CTGF) and Nephroblastoma Overexpressed (CCN3/NOV) execute key functions within the hematopoietic compartment. Both are abundant in the bone marrow stroma, which is a niche for hematopoiesis and supports marrow function. Roles for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol) and all-trans retinoic acid in the bone marrow have(More)
AIM To determine whether culturable bacterial strains are present in human atheromatous tissue and to investigate their properties using culture, quantitative PCR, metagenomic screening, genomic and biochemical methods. METHODS We analyzed femoral atherosclerotic plaque and five pairs of diseased and healthy arterial tissue for the presence of culturable(More)
Intestinal epithelial cells express the alpha3beta1 integrin which binds to laminin-5. We have previously shown that activation of the alpha3 integrin through laminin-5 binding or a cross-linking antibody results in a suppression of IL-1 induced cytokine secretion and intracellular signaling through IKK to NF-kappaB and JNK to AP-1 in Caco-2 cells. In the(More)
BACKGROUND Isolated limb infusion (ILI) is a percutaneous method of delivering regional chemotherapy to patients with recurrent tumors of the extremity. This study determines predictors of response, survival, and limb salvage. METHODS Single institution data from a prospective clinical trial and subsequent ILI experience were reviewed. Limb tumor burden(More)
Recently, new tissue-specific functions for glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) have been discovered, aside from its archetypal function in glycolysis. This casts doubt on the legitimacy of using GAPDH as a normalization control for gene expression analysis. We report the binding of the myeloid zinc finger-1 (MZF-1) transcription factor to the(More)
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