Brian J . Nickoloff

Learn More
Human skin and its immune cells provide essential protection of the human body from injury and infection. Recent studies reinforce the importance of keratinocytes as sensors of danger through alert systems such as the inflammasome. In addition, newly identified CD103(+) dendritic cells are strategically positioned for cross-presentation of skin-tropic(More)
Bidirectional cellular communication is integral to both cancer progression and embryological development. In addition, aggressive tumor cells are phenotypically plastic, sharing many properties with embryonic cells. Owing to the similarities between these two types of cells, the developing zebrafish can be used as a biosensor for tumor-derived signals.(More)
Infection with Kaposi's sarcoma (KS)-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) or human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) is common in certain parts of Africa, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean, but is rare elsewhere, except in AIDS patients. Nevertheless, HHV8 DNA is found consistently in nearly all classical, endemic, transplant and AIDS-associated KS lesions as well as in(More)
Chronic and excessive inflammation in skin and joints causes significant morbidity in psoriasis patients. As a prevalent T lymphocyte-mediated disorder, psoriasis, as well as the side effects associated with its treatment, affects patients globally. In this review, recent progress is discussed in the areas of genetics, the immunological synapse, the(More)
The relative contribution of dermal-derived immunocompetent cells to the overall immunologic response in skin has been hampered by the lack of appropriate isolation techniques. In this report, we provide a purification schema that reliably yields highly purified populations of dermal dendritic cells (DDC). These cells are motile, express high levels of(More)
We have shown that Wnt5A increases the motility of melanoma cells. To explore cellular pathways involving Wnt5A, we compared gain-of-function (WNT5A stable transfectants) versus loss-of-function (siRNA knockdown) of WNT5A by microarray analysis. Increasing WNT5A suppressed the expression of several genes, which were re-expressed after small interference(More)
Here we report that epidermal keratinocytes in psoriatic lesions are characterized by activated Stat3. Transgenic mice with keratinocytes expressing a constitutively active Stat3 (K5.Stat3C mice) develop a skin phenotype either spontaneously, or in response to wounding, that closely resembles psoriasis. Keratinocytes from K5.Stat3C mice show upregulation of(More)
High expression of Notch-1 and Jagged-1 mRNA correlates with poor prognosis in breast cancer. Elucidating the cross-talk between Notch and other major breast cancer pathways is necessary to determine which patients may benefit from Notch inhibitors, which agents should be combined with them, and which biomarkers indicate Notch activity in vivo. We explored(More)
Lymphocytes bind to cultured keratinocytes that are treated with interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF). When the lymphocytes are preincubated with antibody to lymphocyte function associated antigen-1 (LFA-1), this adherence is inhibited. Because intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is a ligand for LFA-1, we studied the cellular(More)
Serial analysis of gene expression followed by pathway analysis implicated the tight junction protein claudin-1 (CLDN1) in melanoma progression. Tight junction proteins regulate the paracellular transport of molecules, but staining of a tissue microarray revealed that claudin-1 was overexpressed in melanoma, and aberrantly expressed in the cytoplasm of(More)