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Peripheral corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptor ligands inhibit gastric acid secretion and emptying while stimulating gastric mucosal blood flow in rats. Endogenous CRF ligands are expressed in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tissues pointing to local expression of CRF receptors. We mapped the distribution of CRF receptor type 1 (CRF1) and 2 (CRF2)… (More)
4-Amino-N-arylpiperidines serve as effective bioisosteres for N-arylpiperazines in the series of dihydropyridine NPY1 receptor antagonists. These were prepared by a ZnCl2-mediated reductive amination reaction between elaborated primary amines, 2 or 5, and 4-arylpiperidones.
Metabolic replacement rates (Ra) for glucose and free fatty acids (FFA) were determined during rest, exercise, and diving conditions in the gray seal using bolus injections of radiotracers. In the exercise experiments the seal swam at a metabolic rate elevated twofold over resting Ra for glucose and FFA while resting were similar to values found in… (More)
Incorporation of substituted phenyl piperazine privileged structures into a known MC4 specific dipeptoid consensus sequence resulted in a series of potent (EC(50)=24 nM) and selective MC4-R agonists. We report the SAR of this series of compounds using in vitro cAMP functional assays in cells transfected with the MC4 or other melancortin receptors.
The orexigenic peptide ghrelin has been shown to have prokinetic activity in the gastrointestinal (GI) system of several species, including humans. In this series of experiments, we have evaluated the prokinetic activity of novel, small-molecule ghrelin receptor (GhrR) agonists after parenteral and peroral dosing in mice and rats. Gastric emptying, small… (More)
As part of an investigation into the generation of muscle heat in the tuna, the histochemistry and ultrastructure of the myotomal muscles were studied. Both red and white fibres are differentiated into two forms. The two forms of red muscle are very similar except for differential electron absorbance and different kinds of glycogen granules stored. In both… (More)
Several novel series of tetrahydroisoquinoline 1-carboxamides were prepared and shown to be potent growth hormone (GH) secretagogues. Among them, carbamate 12a-E2 displays excellent in vivo activity by increasing plasma GH 10-fold in an anesthetized IV rat model.
A novel class of Growth Hormone Secretagogues (GHS), based on a tetrazole template, has been discovered. In vitro SAR and in vivo potency within this new class of GHS are described. The tetrazole 9q exhibits good oral bioavailability in rats and dogs as well as efficacy following an oral 10 mg/kg dose in dogs. Solution and solid phase protocols for the… (More)