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Brain sodium channels are a complex of alpha (260 kDa), beta 1 (36 kDa), and beta 2 (33 kDa) subunits, alpha subunits are functional as voltage-gated sodium channels by themselves. When expressed in Xenopus oocytes, beta 1 subunits accelerate the time course of sodium channel activation and inactivation by shifting them to a fast gating mode, but alpha(More)
Rapid, voltage-dependent potentiation of skeletal muscle L-type calcium channels requires phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) anchored via an A kinase anchoring protein (AKAP). Here we report the isolation, primary sequence determination, and functional characterization of AKAP15, a lipid-anchored protein of 81 amino acid residues with a(More)
Voltage-gated sodium channels are responsible for generation of action potentials in excitable cells. Activation of protein kinase C slows inactivation of sodium channels and reduces peak sodium currents. Phosphorylation of a single residue, serine 1506, that is located in the conserved intracellular loop between domains III and IV and is involved in(More)
Voltage-dependent potentiation of skeletal muscle L-type calcium channels requires phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) that is localized by binding to a cAMP-dependent protein kinase-anchoring protein (AKAP). L-type calcium channels purified from rabbit skeletal muscle contain an endogenous co-purifying protein kinase activity that(More)
Activation of D1-like dopamine (DA) receptors reduces peak Na(+) current in hippocampal neurons voltage-dependent in a manner via phosphorylation of the alpha subunit. This modulation is dependent upon activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and requires phosphorylation of serine 573 (S573) in the intracellular loop connecting homologous domains I(More)
Peripheral corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptor ligands inhibit gastric acid secretion and emptying while stimulating gastric mucosal blood flow in rats. Endogenous CRF ligands are expressed in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tissues pointing to local expression of CRF receptors. We mapped the distribution of CRF receptor type 1 (CRF1) and 2 (CRF2)(More)
The high degree of similarity between the mouse and human genomes is demonstrated through analysis of the sequence of mouse chromosome 16 (Mmu 16), which was obtained as part of a whole-genome shotgun assembly of the mouse genome. The mouse genome is about 10% smaller than the human genome, owing to a lower repetitive DNA content. Comparison of the(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are a family of stress-induced proteins with diverse physiological functions, including protection against metal toxicity and oxidants. They may also contribute to the regulation of cellular proliferation, apoptosis, and malignant progression. We reported previously that the human (h)MT-IIA isoform is induced in carcinoma cells (A431,(More)
The voltage-sensitive sodium channel is regulated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) phosphorylation. Using purified preparations of rat brain sodium channels, we have shown that the alpha subunit was phosphorylated by a co-purifying protein kinase. The co-purifying kinase was stimulated by cAMP and phosphorylated PKA substrate peptides. Both the(More)