Brian J. Morris

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Numerous human imaging studies have revealed an absolute or relative metabolic hypofunction within the prefrontal cortex, thalamus and temporal lobes of schizophrenic patients. The former deficit correlates with cognitive deficits and negative symptoms, whereas the latter correlates with positive symptomologies. There is also general consensus that(More)
In fixed tissue, neuronal NADPH-diaphorase staining results from nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity. Neuronal NOS only synthesizes nitric oxide once activated by the binding of Ca2+/calmodulin. We show here that neuronal NADPH-diaphorase staining is also dependent on Ca2+/calmodulin, implying that only activated NOS is detected. In addition, in bovine(More)
The pseudoautosomal regions (PAR1 and PAR2) of the human X and Y chromosomes pair and recombine during meiosis. Thus genes in this region are not inherited in a strictly sex-linked fashion. PAR1 is located at the terminal region of the short arms and PAR2 at the tips of the long arms of these chromosomes. To date, 24 genes have been assigned to the PAR1(More)
Phencyclidine has attracted the attention of neuroscientists for many years because of its ability to produce, in humans, a range of symptoms remarkably similar to those of patients suffering from schizophrenia. The main action of phencyclidine is as a non-competitive antagonist of the NMDA class of glutamate receptor. In the past few years, dramatic(More)
The cellular location of Neuropeptide Y (NPY) synthesis in rat brain is identified by using in-situ hybridisation histochemistry. The results show that NPY mRNA is widely distributed through the rat brain, although the levels of NPY mRNA are surprisingly low. There is a large degree of variation in the content of NPY mRNA in different regions. The highest(More)
Impaired ability to shift perceptual attentional set forms a core feature of schizophrenic illness and is associated with prefrontal cortical dysfunction. A pharmacological model producing equivalent deficits in rodents may enable the development of novel therapeutic strategies for effective treatment of cognitive impairments in schizophrenia. This study(More)
Current treatments of schizophrenia are compromised by their inability to treat all symptoms of the disease and their side-effects. Whilst existing antipsychotic drugs are effective against positive symptoms, they have negligible efficacy against the prefrontal cortex (PFC)-associated cognitive deficits and negative symptoms. New models that reproduce core(More)
We have previously demonstrated that subchronic (five daily administrations of 2.6 mg/kg PCP) and chronic intermittent administration of 2.6 mg/kg PCP to rats produces hypofrontality and other neurochemical changes akin to schizophrenia pathology (Cochran et al., Neuropsychopharmacology, 28:265–275, 2003). We sought to determine whether behavioral(More)
Glutamatergic and GABAergic neurotransmitter systems exist in equilibrium to maintain "normal" brain function. Evidence is accumulating that disturbance of this equilibrium may be one of the key factors giving rise to schizophrenia. While there is widespread evidence that the psychotomimetic phencyclidine (PCP) induces schizophrenia-related symptoms, it is(More)
Resveratrol is a potent member of the class of natural, plant-derived chemicals known as polyphenols. These help explain in part why a diet high in fruit and vegetables confers health benefits and are associated with reduced risk of common complex conditions such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and Alzheimer's disease. We present the latest(More)