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For more than 30 years, the aryl hydrocarbon receptor [Ah receptor (AHR)] has been extensively scrutinized as the cellular receptor for numerous environmental contaminants, including polychlorinated dioxins, dibenzofurans, and biphenyls. Recent evidence argues that this description is incomplete and perhaps myopic. Ah receptor orthologs have been(More)
Endogenous activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is required for normal vascular development. This biology led us to investigate the interplay between the AHR and vascular physiology by using an in vitro model of fluid shear stress. Using this system, we show that fluid flow induces a robust AHR-mediated increase in CYP1 expression. Furthermore,(More)
Transcriptional profiling via microarrays holds great promise for toxicant classification and hazard prediction. Unfortunately, the use of different microarray platforms, protocols, and informatics often hinders the meaningful comparison of transcriptional profiling data across laboratories. One solution to this problem is to provide a low-cost and(More)
We analyzed the cytotoxicity and mutagenicity of the drinking water disinfection by-products (DBPs) bromoform (BF), bromoacetic acid (BA), dibromoacetic acid (DBA), tribromoacetic acid (TCA), chloroform (CF), chloroacetic acid (CA), dichloroacetic acid (DCA), trichloroacetic acid (TCA), 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2[5H]-furanone (MX), and(More)
The Notch signaling pathway has a critical role in cell fate determination and tissue homeostasis in a variety of different lineages. In the context of normal Notch signaling, the Notch receptor of the 'signal-receiving' cell is activated in trans by a Notch ligand from a neighboring 'signal-sending' cell. Genetic studies in several model organisms have(More)
The environmental pollutant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD, dioxin) causes numerous and diverse toxic events via activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, including atrophy of the thymus. Exposure to TCDD induces acute thymocyte cell loss, which occurs concomitantly with proliferation arrest and premature emigration of triple negative (TN;(More)
Genomic fragments coding for sequences expressed as abundant mRNA in female Drosophila melanogaster were isolated from a lambda library. Hybridization of these clones to polytene chromosomes. in situ, identified four which mapped to X chromosomal region 9A to 9B, the locus for yolk proteins 1 and 2 (Ypl,2) and two which mapped to 12A6-7 to 12D3, the locus(More)
Tetraspanins comprise a diverse family of four-pass transmembrane proteins that play critical roles in the immune, reproductive, genitourinary, and auditory systems. Despite their pervasive roles in human physiology, little is known about the structure of tetraspanins or the molecular mechanisms underlying their various functions. Here, we report the(More)
Mind bomb (Mib) proteins are large, multi-domain E3 ligases that promote ubiquitination of the cytoplasmic tails of Notch ligands. This ubiquitination step marks the ligand proteins for epsin-dependent endocytosis, which is critical for in vivo Notch receptor activation. We present here crystal structures of the substrate recognition domains of Mib1, both(More)
The ESCRT-III complex induces outward membrane budding and fission through homotypic polymerization of its core component Shrub/CHMP4B. Shrub activity is regulated by its direct interaction with a protein called Lgd in flies, or CC2D1A or B in humans. Here, we report the structural basis for this interaction and propose a mechanism for regulation of polymer(More)